Dampak Fisiologis Kemoterapi Pada Anak Dengan Leukemia di Rumah Sakit

Sepsi Herfiana, Siti Arifah

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/bik.v12i1.10583

Abstract

Leukemia is a most common children malignancy. Chemotherapy has been very effective in the management of leukemias. Chemotherapy is a systemic therapy, therefore the chemotherapy drug is not only directly related to the cancer but also damaged the normal tissue. Physiological effect of chemotherapy is important to be inspected because each individual is unique so it has different physiological effect, so it will require different treatment. The aim of this research is to understand physiological effect of chemotherapy in children with leukemia. This research is quantitative research, used descriptive analitic. The sample of this research were 30 sample with total sampling. The instrument used was a questionnaire of physiological effect of chemotherapy. The results showed that the physiological effect of chemotherapy were children with alopecia of 24 (80%) , Nausea of 17 (56.7%), vomiting of 16 children (53.3%); Decreased appetite of 14 children (46.7%); oral ulceration of 19 children (63.3%);Diarrhea of 3 children (10%); Fatigue of 14 children (46.7%); increase in risk factors for infection consisting of fever of 16 children (53.3%), cough of 13 children (43.3%), and flu of 8 children (26.7%); Bruises of 8 children (26.7%), bleeding of 14 children (46.7%); and other side effects there are 14 children (40%). The conclusion of this research is the most common physiological effects of children undergoing chemotherapy are alopecia, oral ulceration, nausea and vomiting, and fever

Keywords

physiological impact; chemotherapy; leukemia; childhood

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aprianto. (2016). Mengenal Kortikosteroid Sang Obat Dewa. Health. hal.13.

Ariani, S. (2015). Stop Kanker. Yogyakarta: Istana Media.

Ariawati, K., Windiastuti, E., & Gatot, D.(2007). Toksisitas Kemoterapi Leukemia Limfoblastik Akut pada Fase Induksi dan Profilaksis Susunan Saraf Pusat dengan Methotrexat 1 gram. Sari Pediatri. Vol. 9. No. 4. Hal. 252-258.

Fabbrocini, G., Cameli, N., Romano, C. M., Mariano, M., Panariello, L., Bianca, D., Monfrecola, G. (2012). Chemotherapy and Skin Reaction. Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research.

Hockenberry, M. J., & Wilson, D. (2010). Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children. Canada: Elsevier Mosby.

James, S. R., Nelson, K. A., & Ashwill, J. W. (2013 ). Nursing Care of Children Principles & Practice 4th ed. China: Elsevier Sauders.

Kapor, R., & Barner, K. (2013). Crash Course Paediatric 4th ed. . China: Mosby Elsevier.

Kyle, T., & Carman, S. (2013 ). Essential of Pediatric Nursing 2nd edition. Wolters Kluwer: Lippicort: Williams & Wilkins

Marcdante, K. J., Kliegman, R. M., Jenson, H. B., & Behrman, R. E. (2011). Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Esensial. Singapura: Saunders Elsevier.

Miller, R. (2016). Side Effect of Chemo and Radiation. Health Kids, 1-4.

Newton, S., Hickey, K., & Marrs, j. (2009). Mosby,s Oncology nursing advisor : A Comprehensive Guide To Clinical Practice . Missouri: Mosby Elseiver.

Pilliteri, A. (2010). Maternal & Chil Health Nursing Care of the Childbearing & Childrearing Family 6th Ed. Wolters Kluwer: Lippicort Williams & Wilkins.

Rahmawati, E., Gamayanti, I. L., & Setyarini, S. (2016). Pocket Book of Anxiety. For Parents of Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 1438.

Rahmawaty, F., Allenidekania, & Waluyanti, F. T. (2014). Sleep Disturbances and Fatigue in Adolescent with Cancer Receiving Chemotherapy. Makara J. Health Res.18(2). 87-94

Roe, H. (2011). Chemotherapy Induced Alopecia: Advice And Support For Hair Loss. British Journal of Nursing , 4-11.

Rudolph, A. M., Hoffman, J. I., & Rudolph, C. D. (2014). Buku Ajar Pediatri Rudolph Vol. 2. Jakarta: ECG.

Selwood, K. (2008). Side Effect Of Chemotherapy. West Sussex : John Willey & Sons.

Society, A. C. (2016). Childhood Leukemia. American Cancer Society . October 18, 2016 http://www.cancer.org/

Supriyadi. (2014). Statistik Kesehatan . Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

Suyanto. (2011). Metodologi dan Aplikasi Penelitian Keperawatan . Yogyakarta : Nuha Medika .

Vitkauskaite, E., Juozaityte, E., Drukteniene, J., Bunevicius, R. 2011. A Systematic Review of Cancer Related Fatigue. Biological Psychiatry and Psychopharmacology. 13.

Wasis. (2008). Pedoman Riset Praktis Untuk Profesi Perawat. Jakarta: EGC.

Wecker, L. (2010). Body's Human Pharmacology. united states: mosby elseiver.

Yayasan Onkologi Anak Indonesia. (2012). October 18 2016 http://www.yoaifoundation.org.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 66 time(s)
PDF: 36 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.