HUBUNGAN JUMLAH TROMBOSIT DENGAN JUMLAH ERITROSIT PADA PASIEN INFEKSI VIRUS DENGUE DI RS X SURAKARTA

Muhammad Alim Abdul Majid Hidayatullah, Riandini Aisyah

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/biomedika.v9i2.5846

Abstract

Supresi sumsum tulang merupakan kondisi yang biasa terjadi pada pasien terinfeksi dengue. Keadaan ini  menyebabkan penurunan hematopoiesis. Secara teoritis, hal ini akan menurunkan jumlah trombosit dan eritrosit dalam darah tepi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membuktikan korelasi antara jumlah trombosit dan eritrosit pada pasien terinfeksi dengue. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis korelasi dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Data yang dikumpulkan dari rekam medis pasien sebanyak 40 pasien yang didiagnosis sesuai kriteria diagnostic WHO 2009, diagnosis dikonfirmasi dengan uji serologis, dan usia di bawah 14. Pasien yang memiliki riwayat anemia hemolitik autoimun (AIHA), purpura trombositopenia idiopatik (ITP), anemia, dan riwayat transfusi darah dikeluarkan dari penelitian ini. Kami menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson dengan software untuk menganalisa data. Rerata jumlah trombosit= 95.625 (52,63) 103 /mm3 dan rerata jumlah eritrosit= 4,83 (0,41) 106/mm3 . Uji korelasi Pearson antara jumlah trombosit dan eritrosit diperoleh nilai r= 0,215 dan nilai p= 0,182, sehingga dapat diartikan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan antara jumlah trombosit dan eritrosit pada pasien yang terinfeksi dengue.

 

Kata Kunci: infeksi virus dengue, trombosit, eritrosit

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