Budi Hernawan, Zaenal Muttaqien Sofro, Sri Lestari Sulistyorini



The increase of energy need during physical exercise of aerobics will increase the need of oxygen, and therefore it can cause free radicals increase. Naturally, endogenous antioxidants can overcome the increase of free radicals. However, if the antioxidants formation which is not comparable with the occurrence of free radicals will cause the occurrence of oxidative stress. So it requiered antioxidants from the outside to take care of it. This research aims to study differences in oxidative stress between groups that consume dates syrup and groups that does not consume date syrup during acute aerobic exercise for untrained men through the lipid peroxide concentration with plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) indicators. This research design is experimental research, non-randomized pre-post test control group design. The subjects divided into two groups namely the group of dates syrup and the group of fresh water. Both group were given treatment of acute aerobic exercise with medium intensity every 2 days for 28 days. Blood samples taken before the aerobic exercise, after the 1st, 7th, and 14th aerobic exercise, and then were checked its plasma MDA levels. Data analysis was done with independent t-test. Analysis of plasma MDA levels t-test showed that there was no difference between the group of dates syrup and the group of fresh water. Plasma MDA levels of the group consuming dates syrup was not much different compared to the group not consuming dates syrup during aerobic exercise with medium intensity for untrained men.

Keywords: acute aerobic exercise, untrained men, dates syrup, plasma MDA


ACSM (American College of Sport Medicine). (2006). ACSM’ guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (7th ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams&Wilkins.

Al-Farsi, M., Alasalvar, C., Al-Abis, M., & Al-Shoaily, K. (2007). Compositional and Functional characteristics of dates, syrups, and their by-products. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 104:943-97.

Al-Qarawi, A. A., Mousa, H. M., & Ali, B. (2004). Protective Effect of Extract from Dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.) on Carbon Tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in Rats. International Journal of Applied Research Vet Medicine, 2:176-80.

Halliwell, B., & Gutteridge, J. (2015). Free Radical in Biology and Medicine (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press Inc.

Harjanto. (2006). Antioksidan dan Latihan Olahraga. Jurnal Kedokteran Yarsi, 14 (1):70-7.

Kemmler, W., Scharf, M., Lell, M., Petrasek, C. Von Stengel, S. (2014). High versus Moderate Intensity Running Exercise to Impact Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: The Randomized Controlled RUSH-Study. BioMed Research International.

Kiyatno, (2009). Antioksidan Vitamin dan Kerusakan Otot pada Aktivitas Fisik Studi Eksperimen pada Mahasiswa PJOK FKIP UNS Surakarta. Media Medika Indonesiana, 43(6): 277-81.

Lieberman, M. & Marks, A. (2009). Marks’s Basic Medical Biochemistry: a Clinical Approach. Philadelphia: Lippincot William & Wilkins.

Murray, R., Granner, D., Mayes, P., & Rodwell, V. (2009). Biokimia Harper (27 ed.). (U. Brahm, Penerj.) Jakarta: EGC.

Murti, B. (2003). Prinsip dan Metode Riset Epidemiologi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Radak, Z., Zhao, Z., Koltai, E., Ohno, H., Atalay, M. (2013). Oxygen Consumption and Usage During Physical Exercise: The Balance Between Oxidative Stress and Ross-Dependent Adaptive Signaling. Antioxidant & Redox Signaling 18 (10): 1208-46.

Valko, M., Rhodes, C., Moncol, J., & Izakovic, M. (2006). Free Radicals, metlas, and antioxidant in oxidative stress-induced cancer. Chemico-Biological Interaction Journal, 160 (1):1-40.

Vyawarahe, N., Pujari, R., & Khsirsagar, A. (2009). Phoenix dactylifera: An Update of its Indegenous Uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology. The Internet Journal of Pharmacology, 7 (1):1-7.

Wellman, K.F. & Bloomer, R.J. (2009). Acute Exercise and Oxidative Stress: a 30 year history. Dynamic Medicine, 8(1).

Wilmore, J.H., Costill, D. L., Kenney, W. L. (2008). Physiology of Sport and Exercise. Fourth Edition. Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Winarsi, H. (2011). Antioksidan Alami dan Radikal Bebas. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Zakaria, F., Sutanto, H., & Hartoyo, A. (2000). Pengaruh Konsumsi Jahe (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) Terhadap Kadar Malondialdehid dan Vitamin E Plasma pada Mahasiswa Pesantren Ulil Albab Kedung Badak Bogor. Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan, 11 (1):1-6.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 307 time(s)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia): 734 time(s)


  • There are currently no refbacks.