CORRELATION OF LUMBAR FORAMINAL STENOSIS DEGREE ON SAGITTAL MRI WITH JOABPEQ (JAPANESE ORTHOPAEDIC ASSOCIATION BACKPAIN QUESTIONNAIRE) AND ODI (OSWESTRY DISABILITY INDEX) ON LUMBAR FORAMINAL STENOSIS L5-S1 PATIENTS

Bagas Widhiarso, Anggita Tri Yurisworo, Andhi Prijosedjati, Pamudji Utomo, Handry Tri Handojo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/biomedika.v11i2.7628

Abstract

Lumbar Foraminal Stenosis (LFS) dapat secara signifikan mengurangi fungsi dan kualitas hidup pasien dan Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) adalah alat pendukung yang umum digunakan untuk mengukur beratnya stenosis. Lee score umumnya digunakan untuk mengukur derajat LFS pada MRI sagital. Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) dan Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) digunakan untuk menilai disabilitas dan skor fungsional pada pasien LFS. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara derajat LFS pada MRI sagital dengan kualitas hidup pada pasien dengan LFS. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional yang melibatkan 25 pasien dengan gejala klinis LFS di RS. X Surakarta. Pasien dinilai dengan mengisi kuesioner JOABPEQ dan ODI, kemudian dilakukan evaluasi MRI sagittal lumbar untuk menentukan derajat Lee score, kemudian melakukan uji korelasi pada data yang diperoleh. Penelitian ini menunjukkan korelasi yang signifikan antara Skor Lee dengan JOABPEQ dan ODI. Tingkat LFS berdasarkan Lee Score memiliki korelasi yang signifikan dengan tingkat disabilitas menggunakan JOABPEQ dan ODI. JOABPEQ memiliki korelasi yang lebih signifikan dengan Skor Lee dibandingkan dengan ODI.

Kata Kunci : Lumbar Foraminal Stenosis, Lee Score, JOABPEQ, ODI

 

Lumbar Foraminal Stenosis (LFS) can significantly reduce the patient’s function and quality of life and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is commonly used supporting tool to measure the degree of stenosis. Lee Score is commonly used to measure the degree of LFS on sagittal MRI. Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) to assess disability and functional scores in LFS patients. This study was conducted to determine the correlation between the degree of LFS on sagittal MRI images with quality of life in patients with LFS.This study is an observational analytics study involving 25 patients with clinical symptoms of LFS in X Hospital Surakarta. Patients were assessed by filling JOABPEQ dan ODI questionnaires, then performed sagittal lumbar MRI evaluation to determine the degree of Lee Score, then performed correlation test on the data obtained.This study shows a significant correlation between Lee Score with JOABPEQ and ODI. The degree of LFS based on Lee Score has a significant correlation with the degree of disability using JOABPEQ and ODI. JOABPEQ has a more significant correlation to Lee Score compared with ODI.

Keywords:Lumbar Foraminal Stenosis, Lee Score, JOABPEQ, ODI

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