UTILISASI INDEKS TROMBOSIT SEBAGAI PREDIKTOR KEPARAHAN PADA KASUS FEBRIS CURIGA DEMAM DENGUE

Adika Zhulhi Arjana, Rahma Yuantari, Ninda Devita, Rozan Muhammad Irfan

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/biomedika.v12i1.9725

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Indeks trombosit memiliki karakteristik yang mengarah pada kondisi cairan dan trombosit tubuh. Penelitian mengenai hubungan indeks trombosit pada penentuan derajat keparahan demam dengue membuka peluang menjadikan indeks trombosit sebagai factor prognostik. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mngetahui hubungan indeks trombosit sebagai prediktor keparahan pada kasus febris curiga demam dengue. Penelitian ini bersifat non eksperimental analitik. Data diambil dengan metode cohort prospektif. Subjek penelitian adalah pasien febris curiga dengue di RS X, Y, dan Z Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya. Subjek kemudian diambil darah untuk diperiksa indeks trombosit pada saat masuk dan hari ketiga perawatan. Penentuan derajat keparahan dengue dinilai pada hari ketiga perawatan. Hubungan antara hasil indeks trombosit dengan diagnosis dianalisis dengan ANOVA sedangkan korelasi antara indeks trombosit saat admisi dan hari ketiga dengan uji korelasi dengan bantuan software Medcalc. Sebanyak 56 subyek masuk dalam penelitian). Analisis ANOVA menunjukkan adanya perbedaan yang signifikan untuk mean platelet volume (MPV) dan platelet distribution width (PDW) antar derajat infeksi dengue (p=0.01 dan p=0.017). Analisis ANOVA untuk plateocrit menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan (p=0.055). Uji korelasi hasil antar indeks trombosit menunjukkan hubungan yang signifikan. Adanya perbedaan MPV dan PDW pada berbagai derajat infeksi dengue sehingga dapat digunakan untuk memprediksi keparahan infeksi dengue.

Kata Kunci: Dengue, Indeks Trombosit, Resusitasi Cairan

ABSTRACT

Platelet index has characteristics that lead to the condition of body fluids and platelets. Study on relationship of platelet index in the determining severity of dengue fever opens the opportunity to make the platelet index as a prognostic factor. The aim of this study was to know the correlation of platelet index with predictors of severity of febrile suspected dengue fever. This study was non-experimental and cohort prospective study. The subjects were febrile patients suspicious of dengue in X, Y, and Z Hospital in Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. Subjects were collected blood sample to be examined for platelet index at admission and third day after. Severity of dengue was assessed on third day after admission. Relationship between platelet index with severity was analyzed by ANOVA while correlation between platelet index was analyzed by correlation test with Medcalc software. A total of 56 subjects were included in the study. ANOVA analysis showed a significant difference in mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) between the degrees of dengue infection (p= 0.01 and p= 0.017). ANOVA analysis for plateocrit showed no significant difference (p = 0.055). Correlation test results between platelet indices show a significant relationship. The results of this study indicate differences in MPV and PDW in various degrees of dengue infection so that it can be used to predict severity of dengue fever.

Keywords: dengue, platelet index, fluid resuscitation

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