Suitability of Seagrass Ecosystem for Marine Ecotourism in Padang City, West Sumatera Province

Try Al Tanto, Aprizon Putra, Dedi Hermon, Harfiandri Damanhuri



Seagrass ecosystems are exciting parts of the tropical coastal region that are potential for ecotourism activities. Marine ecotourism sector in the city of Padang has begun to develop within last few years. This development has not only positive impacts but also negative threats to the environment. Therefore, carefully select the most suitable areas for this purpose is important. This article aims to propose the potential areas for seagrass ecotourism in Padang city based on Geographic information system (GIS) analysis. We used spatial analysis to develop the seagrass ecotourism suitability index that is also potentially applicable to other areas. The results of the analysis show that area of the seagrass ecosystem in Nirwana beach (23.75 ha), Cindakir beach (2.56 ha), and Pasumpahan island (5.46 ha) with a total area of the seagrass ecosystem overall in Padang City (31.78 ha). These areas have been overgrown by Thalassia hemprichii with coverage >50 – 75 % in Nirwana beach, 25 – 50 % in Cindakir beach and Pasumpahan Island. The suitable areas for seagrass ecotourism were found on the beach of Nirwana (covers 84% as very suitable), Cindakir beach (covers 73 % as moderately suitable) and Pasumpahan island (covers 78 % as moderately suitable). We found that activities of local communities decreased the suitability of Cindakir beach and Pasumpahan island because these activities increase the abundance of mud in the substrate of waters.


seagrass ecotourism suitability index; seagrass ecosystem; marine ecotourism; Padang city; GIS

Full Text:



Dean, R.G and R.A. Dalrymple. (2004). Coastal Processes With Engineering App. lication. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Fandeli, C. (2000). Pengertian dan konsep dasar ekowisata. Yogyakarta, Fakultas Kehutanan UGM.

Fauzi, Y., B. Susilo and Z.M. Mayasari. (2009). Analysis of Land Suitability of Coastal Area of Bengkulu City through Spatial Model Design and Geographic Information System (GIS). Forum Geografi, Vol. 23, No.1, pp. 101 – 111.

Haryati, S. (2010). Community Participation in Ecotourism Development in Pangandaran – West Java. Forum Geografi. Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 12 – 27.

Hermon, D. (2016). The Strategic Model of Tsunami Based in Coastal Ecotourism Development at Mandeh Regions, West Sumatera, Indonesia. J. Environment and Earth Science. Vol. 6, No.4, pp. 40 – 45.

Jones, I.T., Suca.T., Llopiz J and Mooney T.A. (2017). Characterizing soundscapes and larval fish settlement in tropical seagrass and mangrove habitats. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 141 Issue 5, pp 4003 – 4003.

Kennish, M.J., S.M. Haag and G.P. Sakowicz. (2008). Seagrass Demographic and Spatial Habitat Characterization in Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey, Using Fixed Transects. J. Coastal Research. SI. 55, pp. 148 – 170.

Kiswara, W. (2009). Seagrass Perspective in Coastal Biosafety. Jakarta: Presented at National Workshop I on Seagrass Ecosystem Management.

Kordi, M. (2011). Seagrass Ecosystem. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta Press.

Li, F., M. Xu., Q. Liu., Z. Wang and W. Xu. (2014). Ecological restoration zoning for a marine protected area: A case study of Haizhouwan National Marine Park, Cina. J. Ocean & Coastal Management. SI. 89, pp. 158 – 166.

Marfai, M.A., A. Cahyadi and D.F. Anggraini. (2013). Typology, Dynamics, and Potential Disaster in the Coastal Karst Area Gunungkidul Regency. Forum Geografi. Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 151 – 162.

Sugandi, D. (2013). Model of Conservation on Sagara Anakan Environmental. Forum Geografi. Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 131 – 146.

Tanto, T.A., A. Putra and Ilham (2014). Coastal Ecosystem Monitoring in Bungus Bay Area – Padang, West Sumatra. Proceedings of the National Marine Seminar 2014. pp. 27 – 41.

Tanto, T.A., S. Husrin., U.J. Wisha., A. Putra., R.K. Putri and Ilham. (2016). Characteristics of Physical Oceanography (Bathymetry, Tide, Wave Signifivant Height and Sea Current) in Bungus Bay. J. Kelautan. Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 108 – 121.

Taslim. A, R. Bohari and I.S. Arlyza. (2014). Analysis of Space Suitability Based on Marine Agriculture in The Small Islands Around Makassar. Forum Geografi. Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 91 – 102.

Orth, R.J., Carruthers, T.TB., Dennison, W.C., Duarte, C.M., Fourqurean, J.W., Heck, K.L., Hughes, A.R., Kendrick, G.A., W. Kenworthy, WJ., Olyarnik, S., Short, F.T., Waycott, M., Williams, S.L. (2006). A Global Crisis for Seagrass Ecosystems, BioScience, Vol. 56, Issue 12, 1, pp 987 – 996.

Putra, A., T.A. Tanto and Ilham. (2015). Granules Size Analysis and Sedimentation Rate to Coral Reefs and Seagrass In The Bungus Bay Waters Padang City. Proceeding of International Conference on Green Development in Tropical Region 2015. pp. 89 – 97.

The Decision of the Ministry of Environmental of the Republic of Indonesia (2004). Damage Criteria and Guidelines for Seagrass Status Determination Number 200.

Director General of Legislation Regulation of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of the Republic of Indonesia. (2016). The Regulation of the Minister of Marine and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia No. 23/PERMEN–KP/2016 concerning "Management of Coastal Region and Small Islands". Jakarta.

Wardani, M. P. A., Fahrudin and F. Yulianda. (2017). Analysis of Successful Strategy to Develop Sustainable Marine Ecotourism in Gili Bawean Island, Gresik, East Java. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol 89, 012036, pp. 1 – 9.

Yulianda, F. (2007). Marine Ecotourism as an Alternative to Conservation – Based Coastal Resource Utilization. Science Seminar Papers February 21, 2007. Bogor: Department of Aquatic Resources Management Bogor Agricultural University.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 686 time(s)
PDF: 169 time(s) HTML: 565 time(s)


  • There are currently no refbacks.