Groundwater Vulnerability to Pollution in Kasihan District, Bantul Regency, Indonesia

Setyawan Purnama, Ahmad Cahyadi



The groundwater vulnerability to pollution refers to the ease of pollutants reaching groundwater, so the groundwater will be polluted. The concept shows a probability that pollution will occured which basically bases on the assumption that the physical environment can prevent the flow of pollutants into the aquifer. The purpose of this study was to predict the vulnerability of groundwater in the study area against pollution. To achieve these objectives beside base on secondary data, also measured the depth of phreatic surface, slope and groundwater sampling. Location of measurement and sampling is determinated by considering location of infiltration measurement ever done by Purnama in 2017. To conduct groundwater vulnerability analysis on pollution in the study area, carried out by SINTACS Method which bases on a numerical system of weight and rating. Weight are determined based on the significance of the effect of the parameters on groundwater pollution, while the rating is determined based on the significance of the influence of variables in each parameters against groundwater pollution. As a result, it is known that groundwater vulnerability indeks in research area range from 117,0 to 189,9. According to criteria of SINTACS, the value are classified as moderate vulnerability and rather high vulnerability. Areas that include moderate levels of vulnerability generally located in Sentolo Formations that consist of limestone and has grumusol soil type. Areas that classified as rather high vulnerability is located in Yogyakarta Formation that consist of volcanic rock and has regosol soil type. Based on this phenomena, it can be said that geological aspect and type of soil greatly affect the vulnerability of groundwater to pollution in the research area.


vulnerability, groundwater, Bantul Regency

Full Text:



Al-Amoush H ; Hammouri N A ; Zunic F ; Salameh E. 2010. Intrinsic Vulnerability Assessment for The Alluvial Aquifer in The Northern Part of Jordan Valley. Water Resources Management 24 : 3461-3485.

Al-Kuisi M ; El-Naqa A ; Hammouri N. 2006. Vulnerability mapping of shallow groundwater aquifer using SINTACS model in the Jordan Valley area, Jordan. Environ Geology, 50: 651–667

Bianchi M & Harter T. 2002. Non Point Sources of Pollution in Irrigated Agriculture. Farm Water Quality Planning (FWQP) series 8055. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, California.

Cahyadi, A.; Riyanto, I.A.; Nurrohmah, H. & Pramanda, T. 2016. Estimasi Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap Imbuhan Airtanah di DAS Progo (Estimation of the Impact of Climate Change on Groundwater Recharge in Progo, Watershed) (in Bahasa Indonesia). Research Report. Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Civita M & De Maio M. 2004. Assesing and mapping Groundwater Vulnerability to Contamination : The Italian “Combined Approach. Geofisica Internacional, 43 : 513-532.

Civita M. 2010. The Combined Approach When Assesing and mapping Groundwater Vulnerability to Contaminan. Journal of Water Resources and Protection, 2 : 14-28.

Costudio E. 2011. Trends in Groundwater Pollution : Loss of Groundwater Quality and Related Services. Thematic Paper of Groundwater Governance. Dept. of Geo-Engineering and International Centre for Groundwater Hydrology, Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona.

Davie T. 2008. Fundamentals of Hydrology. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, London

Dibyosaputro, S.; Cahyadi, A.; Nugraha, H. & Suprayogi, S. 2016. Estimasi Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap Kerawanan Banjir Lahar di Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah (Estimation of the Impact of Climate Change to Susceptiblity of Lahar in Magelang, Central Java) (in Bahasa Indonesia). Proceeding of National Seminar on Geography 2016. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta.

Dragoni, W. & Sukhija, B.S. 2008. Climate Change and Groundwater: A Short Review. dalam Dragoni, W. & Sukhija, B.S. (eds) 2008. Climate Change and Groundwater. Geological Society, London

Fetter, C. W. 1988. Applied Hydrogeology. Merrill Publishing Company, Columbus-Ohio.

Haldorsen, S.; Heim, M. & van der Ploeg, M. 2011. Impacts of Climate Change on Groundwater in Permafrost Areas: Case Study from Svalbard, Norway. in Treidel, H.; Martin-Bordes, J.L. & Gurdak, J.J. (eds) 2011. Climate Change Effect on Groundwater: A Global Synthesis of Findings and Recommendations. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Hem, J. D. 1970. Study and Interpretation of The Chemical Characteristics of Natural Water. United States Government Printing Office, Washington.

IPCC. 2007. The Physical Science Basis – Summary for Policymakers. Contribution of WGI to The Fourth Assessment Report of The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Lee. R.. 1990. Hidrologi Hutan. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Liggett J E & Talwar S. 2009. Groundwater Vulnerability Assessments and Integrated Water Resource Management. Streamline Watershed Management Bulletin 13 (1) : 18-29.

Magiera P. 2000. Methods for Assesing Groundwater Sensitivity to Pollution. Groundwater 5 : 103-114.

Majandang J & Sarapirome S. 2013. Groundwater vulnerability assessment and sensitivity analysis in Nong Rua, Khon Kaen, Thailand, using a GIS-based SINTACS model. Environ Earth Sci (2013) 68:2025–2039.

Purnama S. 2013. Infiltrasi Air ke dalam Tanah dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Aliran Permukaan di Kecamatan Kasihan, Kabupaten Bantul (Infiltration of Water into the Soil and Its Effect on Surface Flow in Kasihan District, Bantul Regency)(in Bahasa Indonesia). Research Report. Fakultas Geografi UGM, Yogyakarta.

Rushayati, S.B.; Hermawan, R. & Meilani, R. 2017. Global Warming Mitigation throught the Local Action of Environmental Education in the Plantation Area of Palm Oil. Forum Geografi, 31(1): 148-162.

Rushton K.R. 2003. Groundwater Hydrology : Conceptual and Computational Models. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex.

Suprihatin, L.S. & Martono. 2016. Impacts of Climate Change (El Nino, La Nina and Sea Level) on the Coastal Area of Cilacap Regency. Forum Geografi, 30(2): 106 – 111.

Tamod, Z.E.; Polii, B. and Sikome, R.M. 2016. Detection of Ground Water Availability at Buhias Island, Sitaro, Regency. Forum Geografi, 30(1): 45 -57.

Taniguchi, M.; Shiraki, Y. & Huang, S. 2010. Effects of Global Warming and Urbanization on Surface/subsurface Temperature and Cherry Blooming in Japan. in Taniguci, M. & Holman, I.P. (eds) 2010. Groundwater Response to Changing Climate. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Todd, D.K. & Mays L.W. 2005. Groundwater Hydrology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Treidel, H,; Martin-Bordes & Gurdak, JJ. 2011. Major Science Findings, Policy Recommendations and Future Work. in Treidel, H.; Martin-Bordes, J.L. & Gurdak, J.J. (eds) 2011. Climate Change Effect on Groundwater: A Global Synthesis of Findings and Recommendations. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Wannielista, M., R. Kersten and R. Eaglen. 1997. Hydrology : Water Quantity and Quality Control. John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.

Zhang R., Hamerlinck J D., Glos S P., Munn L. 1996. Determination of Non Point- Source Pollution Using GIS and Numerical Models. Journal of Environmental Quality 25 : 411-418.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 492 time(s)
HTML: 288 time(s) PDF: 118 time(s)


  • There are currently no refbacks.