The Role of Decision Making for Family Activities by Industrial Labour of Women Migrant Based on their Migration Characteristics

Dewi Susilongtyas, Tuty Handayani, Nurul Sri Rahatiningtyas, Sigit Candra Winata Kusuma, Della Ayu Lestari

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/forgeo.v34i1.8525

Abstract

The presence of women migrants in urban industrial workers proved that women's movement now becomes infinite. This migration process indicates that women are actively involved in economic activity. It also influences the decision-making on important activities within the family and society. This study aims to determine the relationship between mobility patterns and its contribution to economic and decision-making in the family through the survey as research methods. The data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, statistics approach, and correlation maps. It was resulted that women of industrial workers, who perform the migration have formed a shuttle pattern. Furthermore, the role of the family was not determined by the size of the economy. These results were confirmed using a chi-square statistical test that examines the relationship between family decision-making by an economic role in the family. For the independence test in the bivariate table, we used the chi square method, and to display the distribution of two variables simultaneously, a cross-tabulation was used. After that, to assess whether there is a relationship between the two variables, the table of independence was used. Our study shows that decision-making became an indicator of strengthening the role of women with a pattern of circular migration, which has a relationship on economic contribution. However, the behavior of women who perform the spatial migration in strengthening roles in families is not always relevant with the strengthening role of the economy. A strong role is only demonstrated by industrial migrant workers working on a circular migration pattern. Chi-square test results indicated that there is a relationship between family behavior decision-making with the economic contribution given to the area of origin, it will be domestic decision-making, future family, and decision-making related to the social community. While the migration with a shuttle pattern, the decision was not determined by an economic role in the family.

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