Attachment to God and student's gratitude in university "x" Bandung

Lisa Imelia Satyawan, Heliany Kiswantomo



Abstract. This study was conducted to measure correlation between attachment to God and students’ gratitude in “X” University. Gratitude is an appreciation of individual being grateful because he has received kindness form others. Grateful people will be healthier, more enthusiastic, and optimistic. One of the factors that influences the development of gratitude is spiritual life or religiosity, which reflects human view of God, known as attachment to God. The hypothesis was there was a correlation between attachment to God and gratitude. This was a correlational research design, with 100 students of University “X” as participants. The instruments were questionnaire of gratitude and attachment to God. Data were analyzed using Chi Square. The result revealed that there was no correlation between attachment to God and gratitude. Attachment to God’s dimensions did not have any correlation with gratitude too. This study also revealed that age and gender show no relationship tendencies with gratitude. For further research, next researchers are suggested to measure correlation between gratitude and other factors.

Keywords: attachment to God; dimension of attachment to God; gratitude

Full Text:



Aghababaei, N., Błachnio, A & Aminikhoo, M. (2018). The relations of gratitude to religiosity, well-being, and personality. Mental health, religion & culture 2018, Vol. 21, No. 4, 408–417 (

Beck, Richard & Angie McDonald. (2004). Attachment to God: The attachment to God inventory, tests of working model correspondence, and an exploration of faith group differences. Journal of Psychology and Theology, Vol. 32, No. 2, 92-103 (, diunduh tanggal 5 Januari 2020)

Bradshaw, M., Ellison, C.G., & Marcum, J.P. (2010). Attachment to God, Images of God, and psychological distress in a nationwide sample of presbyterians. Int J Psychol Relig. 2010; 20(2): 130–147.doi: 10.1080/10508611003608049. ( 5 Januari 2020)

Ellison, C.G., Bradshaw, M., Kuyel, N., Marcum, J.P., (2012). Attachment to God, stressful life events, and changes in psychological distress. Rev Relig Res (2012) 53:493–511DOI 10.1007/s13644-011-0023-4. ( 5 Januari 2020).

Emmons, R.A. & McCullough, M.E. (2004) The psychology of gratitude. USA: Oxford University Press.

Emmons, R.A. (2007) Thanks! How the new science of gratitude can make you happier. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Froh, J.J., Emmons. R.A., Card, N.A., Bono, G., & Wilson, J.A. (2011). Gratitude and the reduced costs of materialism in adolescents. J Happiness Studies (2011).12:289–302. DOI 10.1007/s10902-010-9195-9

Froh, J.J. Emmons. R.A., Huebner, E.S., Fan, J., Bono, G. & Watkin, P. (2011). Measuring gratitude in youth: Assessing the psychometric properties of adult gratitude scales in children and adolescents. Psychological Assessment. Vol. 23, No. 2, 311–324 1040-3590/11/DOI: 10.1037/a0021590

Grant, A.M.& Gino, F.(2010). A Little thanks goes a long way: Explaining why gratitude expressions motivate prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 98. No. 6, 946–955 0022-3514/10/DOI: 10.1037/a0017935

Kimball, C. N., Boyatzis, C.J., Cook, K.V., Leonard, K.C. & Flanagan, K.S. (2013). Attachment to God: A qualitative exploration of emerging adults’ spiritual relationship with God. Journal Of Psychology & Theology 2013, Vol. 41, No. 3, 175–188.

Kirkpatrick, L.A. (2005) Attachment, Evolution and psychology of religion. New York: The Guilford Press.

Kumar, Pankaj; Verma, Hemraj & Dube, Praveen. (2019). “Moderating role of the gender and religiosity on the relationship between Gratitude and Stress”. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE) ISSN: 2278-3075, Volume-8 Issue-9, July 2019.

Krause, N.,Emmons, R.A. & Ironson, G. (2015). Benevolent images of God, gratitude, and physical health status. Journal of Religion and Health volume 54, pages1503–1519(2015).

Ma, L. K., Tunney, R. J., & Ferguson, E. (2017). Does gratitude enhance prosociality?: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 143(6), 601–635.

Okozi, I.F. (2010) Attachment to God: Its impact on the psychological well-being of persons with religious vocation. Disertation. New Jersey: Seton Hall University. (

Osterlind, S.J.(2010). Modern Measurement: Theory, principles and application of mental appraisal. 2nd ed. Boston: Pearson Ed.Inc.

Rosmarin, D.H., Krumrei, E.J., Pargament, K.I.,(2010). Are gratitude and spirituality protective factors against psychopathology?. International Journal of Existential Psychology & Psychotherapy .Volume 3, Number 1 January, 2010..

Santrock, J.W. (2011). Life-span development. 13rd Ed. New York: Mc Graw-Hill.

Shaughnessy, J. J., Zechmeister, E.B.,& Zechmeister, J.S (2010). Research methods in psychology. 8th edition. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Education (Asia).

Tadie, Joseph Thomas. (2011). Adolescents’ religious coping, gratitude and psychological functioning. Fuller Theological Seminary. School of Psychology. ProQuest Dissertations. Publishing. 3486386. Diunduh 3 Januari 2020

Tulbure, Bogdan Tudor. (2015). Appreciating the positive protects us from negative emotions: The relationship between gratitude, depression and religiosity. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 187 ( 2015 ) 475 – 480.

Wood, A.M, Froh, J.J., & Geraghty, A.W.A. (2010). Gratitude and well-being: A review and theoretical integration. Clinical Psychology Review (2010). https:// doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2010.03.005

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 174 time(s)
PDF: 109 time(s)


  • There are currently no refbacks.