Merancang Perubahan di Sekolah untuk Menjadi Sekolah yang Mempromosikan Kesehatan Mental

Usmi Karyani

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/indigenous.v1i1.1782

Abstract

Dalam beberapa dekade terakhir ini terjadi keprihatinan secara global terhadap banyaknya masalah kesehatan mental pada anak dan remaja. WHO memberikan mandat kepada semua negara untuk menjadikan sekolah sebagai tumpuan untuk mempromosikan kesehatan mental bagi anak dan remaja. Keberhasilan program promosi kesehatan dinilai dari dua hal, yakni kualitas program (menyangkut keefektififannya) dan tingkat keberlanjutan program. Banyak program promosi kesehatan mental berbasis sekolah  efektif mengatasi masalah kesehatan mental, namun tingkat  keberlanjutannya rendah, karena sekolah tidak menganggap kesehatan mental sebagai bisnis utamanya. Untuk meningkatkan keberlanjutan program  maka diperlukan institusionalisasi program promosi kesehatan mental yang memampukan setiap sekolah sebagai sekolah yang mempromosikan kesehatan. Artikel ini merupakan kajian literatur untuk menemukan gagasan mempersiapkan sekolah yang mempromosikan kesehatan mental. Tulisan akan difokuskan pada dua hal yakni: (1) bagaimana merancang sekolah yang mempromosikan kesehatan mental bagi anak dan remaja, dan (2) bagaimana rancangan  struktur organisasi dan pengembangan SDM yang diperlukan untuk  meningkatkan efektitas program promosi kesehatan mental di sekolah.

Kata Kunci: kesehatan mental, promosi, rancangan organisasi, sekolah

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