PENGARUH PELATIHAN ASERTIVITAS TERHADAP PENINGKATAN HARGA DIRI (EFFECTS OF ASSERTIVE TRAINING ON INCREASING THE LOW SELF ESTEEM)

Niken Iriani

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/indigenous.v2i2.4747

Abstract

Assertive training is the procedural training for helping people acquire appropriate emotional ekpressiveness in social and interpersonal situation.

          This study investigated the effects of assertive training on increasing self esteem of student in  Indonesia.

          Fourteen students participated in this study, 7 in experimental group and 7 in the control group. Self esteem scale was administered before and after the training.

          The analysis of covariance was used to find out whether the Self Esteem Scale's score differed before and after training. Result of these analysis showed that SES's score difference on after the training (P,0.002).

          The result of this study showed that assertive training was effective on increasing the low self esteem. This study support the notion that assertiveness results in increased self respect and self confidence. It enhances sense of dignity as human beings.

References

Aldridge, J & Clayton, G. 1990. Source of Self Esteem : Perception of Educaion Ma-jors. Psychological Abstract, Agustus, 1992, 8, 27229.

Bandura, A. 1977. Social Learning Theory. New Jersey : Prentice Hall.

Bloom, L.A., Coburn, K. & Pearlma, J. 1975. The New Assertive Woman. New York : American Book Company.

Fensterheim, H & Bear, J. 1980. Jangan Bilan Ya Bila Anda Akan Mengetahui Tidak (terjemahan). Jakarta : Penerbit Gunung Jati

Gunarso, SD 1992. Konseling dan Psikoterapi. Jakarta: BPKGM

Iriani, N. 1994. Validasi Self Esteem Inventory dari Coopersmith. Laporan Penelitian. Surakarta: Fakultas Psikologis Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Kerlinger, F.N. 1973. Foundation of Behavior Research. New York : Holt Rinehart & Winston Inc.

Lazarus, A.A. 1976. Patterns of Adjustment. Third edition. Tokyo : Megraw Hill Kogakusha, Ltd.

Massong, S.R. Dickson, A.L. & Ritzler, B.A. 1982. Assertion and Defense Mechanism Preference. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 29, 6, 591-596.

Morgan, B. & Leung, P. 1980. Brief Report : Effect of Assertive Training on Acceptance of Disability by Physically Disabled. university Students. Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology 27, 12, 209-212.

Myers, G.E. & Myers, M.T. 1992. The Dynamics of Human Communication : A Laboratory Approach. Sixth edition. Singapore : MeGraw Hill International Editions.

Petri, L.H. 1981. Motivation Theory and Research. Belmont, California : Wadsworth Publishing Co.

Spiegler, M.D. 1983. Contemporary Behavioral Therapy. california : Mayfield Publishing Company.

Stake, J.E. DeVille, C.J., & Pennell, C.L. 1983. The Effect of Assertive Training on Tha Performance Self Esteem of Adolescent Girl. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 12, 435-493.

Temple, S. & Robson, P. 1991. The Effects of Assertive Training on Self Esteem. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 54, 329-332.

Tim dosen FIP-IKIP Malang, 1988. Pengantar Dasar-dasar Kependidikan. Surabaya : Penerbit Usaha Nasional.

Walker, J.W. Hedberg, A.G., Clement, P.W., & Wright, L. 1981, Clinic Procedures for Behavior Therapy. London : Prentice Hall International Inc.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 199 time(s)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia): 79 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.