Muḍāraba Fund of Bank Jateng Syariah Cabang Surakarta (BJSCS) According to Dewan Syariah National-Majelis Ulama Indonesia (DSN-MUI)

Dyah Ayu

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/jisel.v2i1.6129

Abstract

This study aims to illustrate the concept of muḍāraba fund applied by BJSCS. The type of this research is descriptive and qualitative. This study describes the procedures and implementation of muḍāraba fund as well as its compliance with the Fatwa of DSN-MUI. The employed data in this study was obtained through interviews with the finansial officer as representatives of BJSCS who act as key informants. The results reveal that the concept of muḍāraba fund in BJSCS has not been fully in compliance with the Fatwa of DSN-MUI. It is based on firtsly, Fatwa of DSN-MUI number (6) stating that “The Sharia Finansial Institution as the provider of funds shall bear all losses resulting from muḍāraba unless the muḍarib (entrepreneur) makes a deliberate, negligent or counterproductive mistake." Secondly, Fatwa of DSN-MUI number (4c) stating that “Provider shall bear all losses resulting from muḍāraba, and the entrepreneur shall not bear any harm except from consequential errors, negligence or breach of consent.” In such cases the borrower shall bear the principal repayment. However, there is one thing that can bring BJSCS closer to Sharia compliance, that is, that the Bank does not do restructuring unilaterally. Rather, the bank and the customer come and sit together to discuss what is good for them. This initiatives finally eliminates the discrepancies. Although in fact we expect that  the bank should be bearing all losses because the losses incurred are not the fault of the entrepreneur.

Keywords

Muḍāraba Fund; BJSCS; DSN-MUI; Bank Jateng Syariah Cabang Surakarta

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