KUALITAS HIDUP PASIEN DENGAN PENYAKIT KARDIOVASKULAR DI YOGYAKARTA

Jumayanti Jumayanti, Anggi Lukman Wicaksana, Eri Yanuar Akhmad Budi Sunaryo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/jk.v13i1.11096

Abstract

Kualitas hidup merupakan indikator utama bagi penyakit kardiovaskular. Penyakit kardiovaskular mendominasi dan menjadi penyakit utama penyebab kematian di Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi gambaran kualitas hidup pada pasien dengan penyakit kardiovaskular di Mlati, Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini adalah jenis penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dengan desain cross-sectional. Penelitian dilakukan pada pasien dengan penyakit kardiovaskular yang berada di wilayah Puskesmas Mlati, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik multistage cluster sampling. Data diambil menggunakan kuesioner Medical Outcome Study 12-Item Short-Form Second-Version (MOS SF-12v2). Analisis data menggunakan tabel distribusi frekuensi terdiri dari rerata, standar deviasi dan frekuensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 107 responden yang berpartisipasi. Jumlah responden per-penyakit, hipertensi (n = 97), stroke (n = 13), gagal jantung (n = 12) dan penyakit jantung koroner (n = 7). Gambaran demografi mayoritas usia ≥ 45 tahun; perempuan (63.6 %), pendidikan terakhir SMP (30.8%), tidak bekerja (66%), pendapatan rendah (78.5%) dan menikah (72.9%). Nilai kualitas hidup pada aspek fisik yaitu 42 ± 9.88 dan 56 ± 9.87 untuk aspek mental. Nilai kualitas hidup pada sub-domain vitality (61.67 ± 10.76) dan general health (35.19 ± 7.31) menduduki nilai tertinggi dan terendah. Skor kualitas hidup lebih tinggi pada domain mental daripada domain fisik.

Keywords

Domain mental; domain fisik; kualitas hidup; penyakit kardiovaskular

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