Preventive Transcendental Of Mass Violence Crimes

Purwadi Wahyu Anggoro

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/jtl.v1i2.9155

Abstract

ABSTRACT

 

Objectives: This article aims to explain the causes of criminal acts of violence that occur in cases of violence involving the masses and explicate the concept of preventing violent crimes involving masses who have a transcendental paradigm.

 

Methodology: This research was qualitative nondoctrinal research. The strategy of applying Preventive Law with a Transcendental paradigm as a concept of preventing criminal acts of mass violence with religious nuances is as a way to reduce the emotions of the masses and eliminate the intention of the masses to commit acts of violence. The sources of data were in the form of research and interviews of cases of mass violence. The data analysis used interpretation techniques based on the (premise) stage of mass violence, according to Niel Smelser and transcendental preventive patterns in accordance with the literature reviews of books and scientific journals.

 

Results: The results showed that violence is an act against the law (onrechtmatige daad), where it is the human state of nature. In the crowd, people will imitate other people's actions, lose control, and take aggressive actions. The law is a tool for social engineering to prevent crime, maintain an orderly society, and provide protection for citizens. Law enforcement is prioritized using soft methods (the soft hand of society) to prevent violence from happening with a transcendental paradigm approach to restoring human nature, according to Surah Ali Imran (3) paragraph 110, namely amar ma'ruf, which contains transcendental ethical values.

 

Functions: This research is useful in the implementation of the Transcendental Preventive Law for law enforcement officers, in this case, the National Police, as an effort to break the 4th stage, namely the stage before triggering incidents occur. It is intended that at the time of mass violence, the Preventive Transcendental Law can cool down the emotions of the masses while at the same time restore human awareness that peace, compassion, and the world and its contents are a gift that must be accountable to God Almighty.

 

Originality/Novelty: Transcendental Preventive Law is an effort to prevent violent crime in mass violence that is based on transcendental principles, by giving a religious touch to remind the masses that violence is a sinful act and to remind the existence of God Almighty.

 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Affandi, Hakimul Ikhwan, 2004. Akar Konflik Sepanjang Zaman: Elaborasi Pemikiran Ibn Khaldun, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bachtiar. Harsja W. 1994. Ilmu Kepolisian Suatu Cabang Ilmu Pengetahuan Baru. Jakarta: PTIK dan Grasindo.

Capra, Fritjop, 2017. dalam Suteki, The Turning Point (Science, Society, and The Rising Culture), London: Flamingo, 1983. Disampaikan Pada Seminar Nasional MIH Unissula Dengan Tema: Penanggulangan Tindakan Eigenrichting (Main Hakim Sendiri) Yang Dilakukan Oleh Kelompok Masyarakat. Semarang, 9 Desember 2017.

Charny, Israel W. 1978. Strategies against Violence: Design for Nonviolen Change. Boulder. Colorado: Westview Press. Inc.

Data Pusat Pengendali Krisis, Biro Operasional Polri, Mabes Polri. Jakarta. 2018.

Faal, M. 1991. Penyaringan Perkara Pidana Oleh Polisi. Jakarta: PT. Pradnya Paramitha.

Faudi, Munir. 2002. Perbuatan Melawan Hukum. Bandung: PT. Citra Aditya Bakti.

Galtung, John. 2004. Transcend and Transform, an Introduction to Conflict Work. London: Pluto Press.

Kamil, Ahmad. 2005. Kaidah-kaidah Hukum Yurisprudensi, Kencana, Jakarta.

Kuntowijoyo, 2004. Islam Sebagai Ilmu: Epistemologi, Metodologi dan Etika. Jakarta: Teraju PT. Mizan Publika.

Malley, Robert. 2018. Feature: 10 Conflicts to Watch in 2018. Jurnal Foreign Policy. 4 November 2018.

Nitibaskara, Ronny, 2001. Ketika Kejahatan Berdaulat: Sebuah Pendekatan Kriminologi, Hukum dan Sosiologi. Jakarta: Peradaban.

Nurcahyono, Arinto. 2003. Kekerasan Sebagai Fenomena Budaya: Suatu Pelacakan Terhadap Akar Kekerasan Di Indonesia. Jurnal Mimbar, Volume XIX No. 3 Juli-September 2003.

Paoletti, Giovanni. 2012. Durkheim's 'Dualism of Human Nature': Personal Identity and Social Links.Jurnal Durkheimian Studies/Études Durkheimiennes, ed. 18.

Reksodiputro, Mardjono. 1994. Kriminologi dan Sistem Peradilan Pidana. Jakarta: PPKPH UI.

Suryakusuma, Julia L. 2003. Budaya Kekerasan, atau Budaya yang Menghasilkan Kekerasan, dalam Arinto Nurcahyono, Kekerasan Sebagai Fenomena Budaya: Suatu Pelacakan Terhadap Akar Kekerasan di Indonesia, Jurnal Mimbar, Volume XIX No. 3 Juli-September 2003.

Suseno, Franz Magnis. Etika Politik, Jakarta: Gramedia. 1987.

Soekanto, Soerjono. 2004. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum Cetakan Kelima. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Smelser. Neil J, 1992. Theory of Colective Behavior, New York: A Free Press Paperback, 1971. T. Lickona, Educating for Character How Our Schools Can Teach Respect and Responsibility. New York-Toronto-London-Sydney-Auckland: Bantam Books.

Utrecht. E. 1962. Pengantar Dalam Hukum Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Buku Ichtiar.

Van Ginneken. Jaap 1992. Crowds, Psychology, and Politics, 1871-1899. Cambridge, England, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Yuwono, Argo. 2018. Cahaya Dalam Kabut. Catatan Kerja Kabid Humas Polda Metro Jaya. Jakarta: Arsip Metro, Cet 1, Maret 2018.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 141 time(s)
PDF: 79 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.