S Sukamta, Aldi Rahadian Ilham, S Sudarja



Two-phase flow is a flow that is composed of two combined substances, i.e., liquid and gas. Two-phase flow phenomena can be a lot encountered in nature, for example, exhaust gas smoke, fog, rain, cloud, snow, and so forth. Moreover, in the practice of company or industry environment, the flow of the two phases can be encountered on the equipment in the form of heat exchangers, boilers, nuclear reactors, piping systems, geothermal, natural gas liquefaction, and others. Data collection in this research was carried out in 4 stages (from working fluid), namely: air-water, air-water+0% glycerin, air-water+10% glycerin, air-water+20% glycerin, and air-water+30% glycerin. The research aims to determine the void fraction by using the method of digital image processing with the software MATLAB R2014a. Based on the research results, it was obtained that when superficial gas velocity high then, the value of the void fraction obtained will increase, otherwise the higher speed of the superficial liquid then, the value of void fraction that is retrieved will decrease. The viscosity of the fluid very influenced the flow pattern bubbly and plug. It is because the higher the viscosity of fluid flow pattern speed then, the bubbly and the plug will increasingly decline, instead of getting down viscosity makes bubbly flow pattern speed, and the plug will progressively increase. The length of the bubbly and plug pattern is affected by the increasing value of homogeneous (β). As a consequence, the length of the pattern increases. In the frequency when the bubbly and plug occurred, it was obtained a high enough rate that led to the value of the void fraction generated considerable increases.

Keyword: two-phase, fluid, void fraction, viscosity, flow pattern.

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