The Adaptation Strategy of Flash Flood Victims in Urban Areas, Garut Kota Sub-District

Ulfa Azhari Shabira, Sri Rum Giyarsih

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/forgeo.v35i1.13356

Abstract

In 2016, various settlements in Garut Regency, notably Garut Kota Sub-District, located along the Cimanuk River, were affected by a flash flood. As a result, many residents relocated to other places, far from the city. This research was conducted in three residential relocation areas: Gadok Housing, Kopi Lombang Housing and Cisereuh Housing. The purpose of the study is to determine the adaptation strategies of relocating communities. The research was conducted using mixed-methods techniques with descriptive quantitative and qualitative data analysis. The results are shown in the adaptation strategies of the affected communities and demonstrate that the relocated communities living in new settlements pursued adaptation strategies such as adjustment and adaptation with reaction. Adaptation by adjustment was carried out by accepting the post-relocation situation and taking up jobs in different sectors. Meanwhile, adaptation by reaction entailed making changes to the physical form of buildings, planting mixed gardens or constructing pet cages in the yard. Relocating residents often lacked the motivation to move to alternative shelters due to financial inability and a sense of comfort in their new settlement.

Keywords

Relocation; Settlements; Adaptation; Flood

Full Text:

HTML PDF

References

Altas, N. E., and Ozsoy, A. (1998) Spatial Adaptability And Flexibility As Parameters Of User Satisfaction for Quality Housing. Journal of Building and Environment. Vol. 33, No. 5, pp. 315-322.

Altman, I., Rapoport, A., and Joachim, F. (1980) Human Behavior and Environment, Advances in Theory and Research, 4. Environment an Culture. New York: Plenum Press.

Armi Aldinur, Soeaidy Saleh, Hayat Ainul. (2017). Socio-Economic Impact of Market Relocation Policy: A Case Study of Malang Dinoyo Market Relocation (Dampak Sosial Ekonomi Kebijakan Relokasi Pasar: Studi Kasus Relokasi Pasar Dinoyo Malang). Jurnal Administrasi Publik. Universitas Brawijaya. 4(10), 1-6.

Bain, A., and Gerry, P. (2010) Resettlement And Social Rehabilitation: Are We Supporting Success?. Journal of Community And Criminal Justice. Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 63-74.

Cao X., Wang D. (2016). Environmental Correlates Of Residential Satisfaction: An Exploration Of Mismatched Neighborhood Characteristics In The Twin Cities. Landscape and Urban Planning. 150, 26–35.

Darabi, H., Choubin, B., Rahmati, O., Haghighi, A.T., Pradhan, B., Klove, B., 2019. Urban Flood Risk Mapping Using the GARP And QUEST Models: A Comparative Study Of Machine Learning Techniques. Journal of Hidrology. 569, 142–154.

Downton, M.W., Pielke, R., 2001. Discretion Without Accountability: Politics, Flood Damage, And Climate. National Hazard Journal. Rev. 2 (4), 157–166.

Geekiyanage D., Keraminiyage K., Fernando T., Jayawickrama T. (2020). Factors Influencing Acceptance Or Rejection Regarding Being The Host Community For Post-Disaster Resettlements In Developing Countries. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 101973.

Habich-Sobiegalla S., Jean-François R. (2020). Responsibility To Choose: Governmentality In China's Participatory Dam Resettlement Processes. World Development. 135, 105090.

Hardoyo, S.R., Marfai, M.A., Ni'mah., N.M, et al. (2011). Strategi Adaptasi Masyarakat Dalam Menghadapi Bencana Air Laut di Kota Pekalongan. Yogyakarta: MPPDAS Fakultas Geografi UGM.

Indonesian Goverment. (1992). Undang-Undang No. 4 Tahun 1992 Tentang Perumahan dan Pemukiman. Jakarta: Sekretariat Negara.

Karnawati D. (2016). Banjir Bandang Garut Karena Faktor Alam dan non-Alam. 27 September 2016. https://ugm.ac.id/id/berita/12554-banjir-bandang-garut-karena-faktor-alam-dan-non-alam. Accessed On 29 April 2020.

King, E.G., Unks, R.R., German, L. (2018). Constraints And Capacities For Novel Livelihood Adaptation: Lessons From Agricultural Adoption In An African Dryland Pastoralist System. Regional Environment. 18, 1403-1410.

Kourgialas N.N., Karatzas P.G. (2017). A National Scale Flood Hazard Mapping Methodology: The Case Of Greece – Protection And Adaptation Policy Approaches. Science of the Total Environment. 441-452.

Mathur M.H. (2011). Social Impact Assessment: A Tool For Planning Better Resettlement. Social Change. 4(1), 97-120.

Midas Baert, Matthieu Kervyn, Armand Dongmo Kagou, Christian Suh Guedjeo, Liesbet Vranken, Kewan Mertens. (2020). Resettlement Preferences From Landslide Prone Areas In Cameroon: Willingness To Move, Reasons To Stay. Land Use Policy. 95, 103975.

Mulyadi. (2007). Ekonomi Kelautan. Jakarta (ID): PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Purwaningsih E., Tukiran, Giyarsih R.S. (2011). Self-Adjustment of the Residents of Flats to the Living Environment (Penyesuaian Diri Penghuni Rumah Susun Terhadap Lingkungan Tempat Tinggal)Penyesuaian Diri Penghuni Rumah Susun Terhadap Lingkungan Tempat Tinggal. Majalah Geografi Indonesia. 25 (2), 150-161.

Ren H, Folmer H. (2017). Determinants Of Residential Satisfaction In Urban China: A Multi-Group Structural Equation Analysis. Urban Studies. 54(6), 1407-1425.

Rogers S., Wilmsen B. (2019). Towards A Critical Geography Of Resettlement. Progress In Human Geography. 1-20.

Santoso, Jo, Budi P. Iskandar, Parwoto. (2002). Sistem Perumahan Sosial di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Perkotaan Universitas Indonusa dan IAP.

Seebauer Sebastian, Winkler Claudia. (2020). Should I Stay Or Should I Go? Factors In Household Decisions For Or Against Relocation From A Flood Risk Area. Global Environmental Change. 60, 102018.

Seneviratne, K., D. Baldry, and C. Pathirage. (2010). Disaster Knowledge Factors In Managing Disasters Successfully. International Journal of Strategic Property Management. 14(4): p. 376-390.

Shabira U.A. (2020). Analysis of Adaptation of Urban Communities to Relocation Due to Flash Floods in Garut Kota Sub-District (Analisis Adaptasi Masyarakat Perkotaan Terhadap Relokasi Akibat Banjir Bandang Di Kecamatan Garut Kota). Skripsi. Yogyakarta. Universitas Gadjah Mada. Tidak Dipublikasikan

Sina Dantje, Chang-Richards Y.A, et al. (2019). What Does The Future Hold For Relocated Communities Post-Disaster? Factors Affecting Livelihood Resilience. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 34, 173-183.

Suparno M., Marlina E. (2006). Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Perumahan. ANDI. Yogyakarta.

Tadgell Anne, Mortsch Linda, Doberstein Brent. (2017). Assessing The Feasibility Of Resettlement As A Climate Change Adaptation Strategy For Informal Settlements In Metro Manila, Philippines. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 22, 447-457.

Thorn J., Thornton F.T., Helfgott A. (2015). Autonomous Adaptation To Global Environmental Change In Peri-Urban Settlements: Evidence Of A Growing Culture Of Innovation And Revitalisation In Mathare Valley Slums, Nairobi. Global Environmental Change. 31, 121-131.

Ullah Farman,Shah A.A.S, Saqib E.S., et al. (2020). Households' flood vulnerability and adaptation: Empirical evidence from mountainous regions of Pakistan. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 52, 101967.

Yan Jinhai, Helen X.H. Bao. (2018). A Prospect Theory-Based Analysis Of Housing Satisfaction With Relocations: Field Evidence From China. Cities. 83, 193-202.

Zhao Pengjun, Zhang Yixue. (2018). Travel Behaviour And Life Course: Examining Changes In Car Use After Residential Relocation In Beijing. Journal of Transport Geography.73, 41-53

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 102 time(s)
HTML: 54 time(s) PDF: 17 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.