Implementing Support Vector Machine Algorithm for Early Slum Identification in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia Using Pleiades Images

Prima Widayani(1*), Achmad Fadilah(2), Irfan Zaki Irawan(3), Kapil Ghosh(4)

(1) Science Information Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta
(2) Science Information Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta
(3) Science Information Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta
(4) Department of Geography, Diamond Harbour Women's University, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal, 743368
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

Slums are one of the urban problems that continue to get the attention of the government and the city of Yogyakarta. Over time, cities continue to experience changes in land use due to population growth and migration. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the existence of slums continuously. The objectives of this study are to conduct early identification of the slum using the Support Vector Machine (SVM) Algorithm, which is applied to the Pleiades Image in parts of Yogyakarta City, to test the accuracy of the slum mapping results generated from the SVM compared to the Slum Map of the KOTAKU Program. The data used are Pleiades Image, administrative maps, and existing slum maps of the KOTAKU Program, which are used to test the accuracy. The method used is Machine Learning with a Support Vector Machine Algorithm. The parameters used for early identification of the slums are the characteristics of the object (characteristics of buildings), settlement (density and shape), and the environment (location and its proximity to rivers and industries). We separate slum and non-slum based on texture, morphology, and spectral approaches. Based on the accuracy test results between the SVM classification results map of the slum and the map from the KOTAKU Program, the accuracy is 86.25% with a kappa coefficient of 0.796.

Keywords

Slum, Machine Learning, Support Vector Machine

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