The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) Agreement between America and Russia in Medium Distance Nuclear Development: International Legal Perspectives

Irzani Andi Abdulrahman(1*), Siti Syahida Nurani(2), Hari Sutra Disemadi(3)

(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Kupang
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Kupang
(3) Universitas Internasional Batam
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

The 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Treaty (INF) was a medium-range nuclear agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union which is now called Russia, which deals with reducing the use of nuclear weapons. The form of the agreement (INF) between the United States and Russia resulted that the two countries had to destroy a total of 2,692 short and medium-range missiles. This agreement basically focuses more on limiting the number of nuclear weapons, but beyond that the two countries aim at flexibility in determining the strategic composition, character and strength.

This research is a normative law research which is a legal research conducted by examining library materials or secondary data. Library research on this concept is data collection by studying literature and legal sources related to problems in books, journals, research reports, printed and electronic media, legal studies, concepts and theories as well as expert opinions and findings related to the problem under study.

Based on the research results, the compilers can conclude that there are three important discussion points in this agreement, namely: The nuclear warheads installed in each country's ICBM or SLBM are limited to 1,550 warheads within seven years after the agreement is ratified, Nuclear launch vehicles , whether with nukes still installed or not and each of them must be 800 units. The number of nuclear launch vehicles installed in each country must be 700 units.

Keywords

Nuclear Treaties; International Law; New Start

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