Criminal Liability Against Crime Defense Forced (Noodweer)

Syamsuddin Syamsuddin(1), Ridwan Ridwan(2*), Zuhrah Zuhrah(3), Didik Irawansah(4), Ainun Wulandari(5)

(1) Muhammadiyah University of Bima
(2) Muhammadiyah University of Bima
(3) Muhammadiyah University of Bima
(4) Muhammadiyah University of Bima
(5) Muhammadiyah University of Bima
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

This paper aims to examine the elements of criminal responsibility for criminal acts committed on the basis of forced defense (Noodweer). This type of research is a normative juridical research. The approach used is the Legislative approach. The source of this research data comes from library data. Meanwhile, the types of data that will be used in this research include primary data and secondary data. Data collection and processing, firstly, literature study by collecting data by reading, understanding and quoting, summarizing, and making notes and analyzing legislation. Second, the processing of data obtained from both field studies and literature studies is then processed in the following way by means of data selection, data classification and data systematization. data analysis, the data obtained, analyzed by qualitative data, namely describing the facts based on the results of the study. The findings of this study are criminal liability in positive law in Indonesia (written law) referring to article 49 of the Criminal Code which states that a person who commits an act in an effort to protect himself from threats that can endanger the safety of life, property and safety both personally and others cannot be punished. Criminal liability for criminal acts committed on the basis of forced defense (Noodweer) is the reason for eliminating the nature of breaking the law, (Wederrechtelijkheid or Onrechtmatigheid), then the reason for eliminating the nature of criminal acts (Strfuitsluitings-Grond) is also said to be a reason to justify or justify actions which are generally criminal acts. Criminal (Rechtvaardigings-Grond) is called Fait Justificatief . So it can't be held accountable.

Keywords

forced defense; criminal liability; crime

Full Text:

PDF

References

Thomas H. The Cive, Printed by J.C. for R. Royston, at the Angel in Ivie-Lane. London.

Gustav Radbruch, Legal Philosophy, in the Legal Philosophies of Lask, Radbruch and Dabin, translated by Kurt Wilk. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1950.

Eddy O. S. Hiariej, Prinsip-prinsip Hukum Pidana, Edisi Revisi.

Hanafi, M. Sistem PertanggungJawaban Pidana, Cetakan pertama. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers; 2015;16.

Roeslan S. Pikiran-Pikiran Tentang Pertanggung Jawaban Pidana, Cetakan Pertama. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia.

Sudarto, Hukum dan Perkembangan Masyarakat. Bandung: Sinar Baru; 1983.

Jhonny Ibrahim, Teori Dan Metodologi Penelitian Hukum Noratif. Malang: 2007;57.

Chairul Huda, Dari Tiada Pidana Tanpa Kesalahan Menuju Kepada Tiada Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Tanpa Kesalahan. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media; 2006; 4.

Admaja P. Kebijakan Legislasi Tentang Sistem Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Koorporasi di Indonesia. Bandung: CV. Utomo; 2004;15.

Umar Seno Adji, Etika Profesional dan Hukum Pertanggungawaban Pidana Dokter. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga; 1991;34,43.

H.A. Zainal A. F. Hukum Pidana Indonesia. Jakarta: Sinar Grafia; 2007; 235, 242.

Tongat. Dasar-Dasar Hukum Pidana di Indonesia Dalam Perspektif Pembaharuan. Malang: UMM Pers; 2008; 228-229.

Sudikno M., Mengenal Hukum: Suatu Pengantar. Yogyakarta: Liberty; 2005;22.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 93 time(s)
PDF: 111 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.