COVID-19 Vaccination Policy: Quo Vadis Fulfillment of Citizen’s Right to Life

Fahmi Fairuzzaman, Deva Angger Rakasiwi, Galih Aprillia Wibowo, Imaniar Rinanda Ayuningtyas

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/laj.v6i2.15269

Abstract

This article aimed to analyze the factors that influence the pros and cons of the community regarding the COVID-19 vaccine policy and discuss the formulation of the Indonesian Government's policy regarding the distribution of an effective vaccine to realize the right to life amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, the methodology of this research is normative, in the hope that the research approach was carried out for researchers to obtain information from various aspects in order to find the issues to be addressed. Normative research uses legal materials obtained through scientific literature or the law. The results of the conclusion show that the factors influencing the pros and cons of the community regarding the fulfillment of the right to life through vaccine policies consisted of multicultural settings that affected the mindset and perspective of the community in perceiving the COVID-19 virus outbreak so that there were differences of opinion regarding government policies that echoed mass vaccines to aggravate the number of the positive cases. Besides, the government's consistency factor in the form of data disclosure regarding COVID-19 led the public to obtain inaccurate information from various sources, giving rise to diverse public opinions. The formulation of government policies related to the provision of effective vaccines to realize the right to life amid the COVID-19 pandemic was done through the 3S vaccine policy, namely before the vaccine, during the vaccine, and after the vaccine. These included campaigns of the main objectives of the COVID-19 vaccine, priority allocation of COVID-19 vaccinations, and efforts to supervise COVID-19 vaccinations.

Keywords

Vaccines, COVID-19, government policies, right to life.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Absori, Harun, dan Moh Ikbal. (2020). Kebijakan Pemerintah Dalam Pelayanan Kesehatan Bagi Penerima Bantuan Iuran Berbasis Keadilan Sosial Di Kota Yogyakarta. Jurnal Jurisprudence, 10(2). 200-215. doi: 10.23917/jurisprudence.v10i2.1169

AlineaId. (2020). Pengelolaan Sumbangan Publik Oleh Pemerintah Terkesan Tertutup. Diakses dari https://www.alinea.id/nasional/pengelolaan-sumba ngan-publik-oleh-pemerintah-terkesan-tertutup-b1ZLu9tuc

Cevik, Muge., Krutika Kuppali, dkk. (2020). Virology, Transmission, and Pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2. BMJ-Journal, 371(1). 1-6. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m 3862

Cnb-Indonesia. (2021). Kasus Covid-19 RI Masih Tinggi, INDEF: Segera Lockdown. Diakses dari https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20210207185837-4-221 669/kasus-covid-19-ri-masih-tinggi-indef-segera-lockdown

Cnb-Indonesia. (2021). Nambah Lagi, 29 Warga Meninggal Usai Disuntik Vaksin Corona. Diakses dari https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/tech/2021011709445 2-37-216618/nambah-lagi-29-warga-meninggal-usai-disuntik-vaksin-corona

Dwipayana, I Dewa Agung Panji. (2020). Efforts in Securing Vaccine for Covid-19 Outbreak in Indonesia. Health Notions-Humanistic Network for Science and Technology, 4(10). 313-317. doi: 10.33846/hn41001

Enggarani, Nuria Siswi. (2018). Independensi Peradilan dan Negara Hukum. Jurnal Law and Justice, 3(2). 82-90. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.23917/laj.v3i2.7426

Feldstein, L.R, E.B. Rose, dkk. (2020). Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in U.S. Children and Adolescents. The New England Journal of Medicine, 383(1). 334-346. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2021680

Gupta, Rohit., dan Stephanie R Morain. (2020). Ethical Allocation of Future Covid-19 Vaccines. JAMA-J Med Ethics, 323(11). 1-5. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.1585

Ibrahim, Rustam. (2013). Pendidikan Multikultural: Pengertian, Prinsip, dan Relevansinya dengan Tujuan Pendidikan Islam. Jurnal ADDIN, 7(1). 129-154. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/addin.v7i1.573

Isriawaty, Fheriyal Sri. (2015). Tanggung Jawab Negara Dalam Pemenuhan Hak Atas Kesehatan Masyarakat Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945. Jurnal Imu Hukum Legal Opinion, 2(3). 1-10. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.29303/ius.v8i1.707

Kompas. (2021). Bupati Sleman Positif Covid-19 Usai Vaksin, Begini Penjelasan Ahli. Diakses dari https://www.kompas.com/sains/read/2021/01/22/110000 923/bupati-sleman-positif-covid-19-usai-vaksin-begini-penjelasan-ahli?page =all

Kurnianingsih, Marisa., dan M. Zaki Attirmidzi. (2021). The Effectiveness of Imposing the Death Penalty for Corruption Perpetrators as a Solution for Handling Corruption during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Law and Justice, 6(1). 80-95. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.23917/laj.v6i1.14048

Li, Yen-Der., Wei-Yu Chi, dkk. (2020). Coronavirus Vaccine Development: From SARS and MERS to Covid-19. Journal of Biomedical Science, 27(104). 1-27. doi: 10.1186/s12929-020-00695-2

Liputan6. (2021). 5 Fakta Soal Anggota DPR Ribka Tjiptaning Tolak Vaksin Covid-19. Diakses dari https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/4463720/5-fakta-soal-anggota-dpr-ribka-tjiptaning-tolak-vaksin-covid-19

Lin, Yuhan., Zhijan Hu, dkk. (2020). Understanding Covid-19 Vaccine Demand and Hesitancy: A Nationwide Online Survey in China. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2(1). 1-22. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008961

Makmun, Armanto dan Hazhiyah, Siti Fadhilah. Tinjauan Terkait Pengembangan Vaksin Covid-19. Molucca Medica, 12(2). 52-59. doi: https://doi.org/10.305 98/molmed.2020.v13.i2.52

Media Indonesia. (2020). Vaksinasi Covid-19 Sukses Jika Masyarakat Disiplin 3M. Diakses dari https://m.mediaindonesia.com/humaniora/366084/vaksinasi-covid-19-sukses-jika-masyarakat-disiplin-3m

Muhyiddin. (2020). Covid-19, New Normal dan Perencanaan Pembangunan di Indonesia. The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning, 4(2). 240-252. doi: https://journal.bappenas.go.id/index.php/jpp/article/view/118/89

Moore, John P., dan P. J. Klasse. (2020). Covid-19 Vaccines: “Warp Speed” Needs Mind Melds, Not Warped Minds. American Society for Microbiology: Journal of Virology, 94(17). 1-32. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01083-20

Nasional Kompas. (2021). Ini Hak-Kewajiban Pemerintah dan Warga Negara Saat Pandemi Covid-19. Diakses dari https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/09 /29/12345111/ini-hak-kewajiban-pemerintah-dan-warga-negara-saat-pande mi-covid-19

Nugraha, Rokhman Adi Putera., dan Nuria Siswi Enggarani. (2021). Village Funds After the Emergence of the Village Law (Study of the Use of Village Funds in Providing Cash Direct Funds ‘BLT’in Kelet Village during the Pandemic). Jurnal Law and Justice, 6(1). 96-112. doi: 10.23917/laj.v6i1.13409

Polack, Fernando P., Stephen J. Thomas, dkk. (2020). Safety and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 Vaccine. The New England Journal of Medicine, 383(27). 2603-1615. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2034577

Shafa, Amilia., dan Sriwidodo. (2021). Microneedle: Teknologi Baru Penghantar Vaksin Covid-19. Jurnal-Majalah Farmasetika, 6(1). 85-98. doi: https://doi. org/10.24198/mfarmasetika.v6i1.28092

Siagian, Tiodora Hadumaon. (2020). Mencari Kelompok Berisiko Tinggi Terinfeksi Virus Corona Dengan Discourse Network Analysis. Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia: JKKI, 9(2). 98-106. doi: https://journal.ugm.ac.id/jkki /article/download/55475/27989

Singhal, Tanu. (2020). A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (Covid-19). The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 87(4). 281-286. doi: 10.1007/s12098-020-0326 3-6

Taufikkurrahman. (2016). Peran BPOM dan BPKN Dalam Memberikan Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Konsumen Terhadap Peredaran Vaksin Palsu. Iqtishadia-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Perbankan Syariah, 3(1). 1-30. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.19105 /iqtishadia.v3i1.1053

Tirto. (2020). Kenali Daftar Orang Risiko Covid-19. Diakses dari https://tirto.id/kenali-daftar-orang-risiko-covid-19-selain-lansia-f7bj

Wang, Dawel., Bo Hu, dkk. (2020). Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA-American Medical Association, 323(11). 1061-1069. doi: 10.1001/jama .2020.1585

Warta Ekonomi. (2021). Transparansi Data Covid-19 Era Terawan, Erick Thohir Ngaku. Diakses dari https://www.wartaekonomi.co.id/read325358/transpa ransi-data-covid-19-era-terawan-erick-thohir-ngaku

Wulandari, Krisna., I Nyoman Budiantara, dan Madu Ratna. (2017). Pemodelan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Angka Morbiditas di Jawa Timur Menggunakan Regresi Nonparametrik Spline. Jurnal sains dan Seni ITS, 6(1). 115-121. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j23373520.v6i1.22477

Yuliantari, I Gusti Ayu Eviani. (2016). Peran Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Pemenuhan Hak Dasar Warga Negara Atas Pendidikan. Jurnal Hukum UNDIKNAS, 3(1). 1-13. doi: https://journal.undiknas.ac.id/index.php/hukum/article/view/184

Zaini, Naya Amin. (2016). Politik Hukum dan HAM (Kajian Hukum Terhadap Kewajiban Pemenuhan dan Perlindungan Hak Asasi Manusia Konstitusi Indonesia). Jurnal Panorama Hukum, 1(2). 1-8. doi: https://doi.org/10.2106 7/jph.v1i2.1412

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 67 time(s)
PDF: 41 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.