Relationship Between Knowledge and Behaviour of Self-Medication in Cough Towards One Community in East Java

Shella Naradewi Netta(1), lilla Prapdhani Agni Hajma(2*)

(1) Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta
(2) Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

Coughing is often considered a minor illness, but in reality it disrupts daily activities. In dealing with coughs, treatment can be done independently or known as self-medication. In Indonesia, the practice of self-medication tends to increase. However, improvement in self-medication practices is often not aligned with adequate knowledge. This research aims to determine the profile of self-medication in society, the level of self-medication knowledge, the level of self-medication behaviour, and analyze the relationship between knowledge and behaviour. Questionnaires that have been tested for validity and reliability on 30 respondents are used as instruments. The data collection method was carried out cross-sectionally using a purposive sampling technique in September-November 2023. Respondents in this study were community in one of the regions in East Java with the inclusion criteria. The total respondents in this study were 363 respondents. Univariate analysis was carried out on self-medication profile, level of knowledge, and level of behaviour. The relationship between level of knowledge and behaviour was analyzed using the Spearman Rank method. In this study, the average community knowledge score was 76.86% with a good level of knowledge (54.3%). In the behavioral variable, the average value is 77.39% with the good behaviour level category (59%). There is a relationship between the level of knowledge and cough self-medication behaviour in the community as evidenced by a sig. (2-tailed) 0.000. A positive correlation coefficient of 0.49 was obtained thus indicating that the strength of the relationship between knowledge level and behavior is moderate.

Keywords

behaviour, cough, knowledge, self-medication

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdiman A., 2021. Relationship of Knowledge Level and Swamedicated Behavior Coughing Arjasa 2 Pharmacy Visitors, Thesis. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malih Ibrohim Malang.

Adiana S., and Maulina D., 2022. Classification of Drug -Related Problems (DRUGS): Review, Indonesian Journal of Health Science, 2 (2), 54–58.

Arikunto S., 2002. Research Procedure A Revised Edition Practice Approach. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Blenkinsopp A., Paxton P., and Blenkinsopp J., 2008. Symptoms in the Pharmacy (A Guide to the Management of Common Illnesses), John Willey and Sons.

Cahyaningsih O., and Ambar D.E., 2010. Relationship of Mother’s Knowledge About Measles Immunization with The Practice of Giving Measles Immunization in Infants Aged 9-12 Months at The Puskesmas Gayamsari, Semarang City. Jurnal Ilmu dan Tek. Kesehatan (JITK), 1 (2), 18–28.

Dahlan S., 2009. Statistics for Medicine and Health, Edition 4 (descriptive, bivariate and multivariate, equipped with applications using SPSS). Salemba Medika, Jakarta.

Elly S., and Chory K., 2022. Relationship between the Level of Community Knowledge about Dagusibu to Cough Medicines in Beji District. Farmasi-QU Jurnal Pelayanan Kefarmasian, 9 (1), 1–9.

Handayani T., and Jatmika T.D., 2022. Increased Knowledge of Healthy Heart Club Members about Self-Medication During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Sirnagalih Village, West Java Province. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 20 (1), 3289–3298.

Helal R.M. and Abou-Elwafa H.S., 2017. Self-Medication in University Students from The City of Mansoura, Egypt. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, volume 2017.

Indonesian Ministry of Health, 2021. Guidelines for the Management of Damaged and Expired Medicines in Health Care Facilities and Households. Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta. Terdapat di: https://farmalkes.kemkes.go.id/2021/9/pedoman-pengelolaan-obat-rusak-dan-kedaluwarsa-di-fasyankes-dan-rumah-tangga/.

Indonesian Ministry of Health, 2007. Guidelines for the Use of Over-The-Counter Drugs and Limited Over-The-Counter Drugs. Jakarta.

Indonesian Ministry of Health, 1990. Minister of Health Decree Number 347/Menkes/SK/VII/1990 about Pharmacy Mandatory Drug No.1. Jakarta.

Indonesian Ministry of Health, 2011. Rational Drug Use Module 2011. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, Jakarta.

Indonesian Statistic Center, 2022. Percentage of Population That Self-Medication Own Month (Percent) 2020-2022, Terdapat di: https://www.bps.go.id/id/indicator/30/1974/1/persentase-penduduk-yang-mengobati-sendiri-selama-sebulan-terakhir.html [Diakses pada December 23, 2023].

Khuluqiyah I., Nurrahmah N., Nourah S., Fauziah F., Shana N., Aquila F., Aulia F., Rachmania I., Syazwan M. and Dewi K., 2016. The Level of Public Knowledge Regarding The Use of Cough Drugs by Self-Medication. Jurnal Farmasi Komunitas, 3 (2), 33–36.

Kuswinarti K., Utami N.V. and Sidqi N.F., 2022. The Level of Knowledge and Rationality of Drug Use of Drugs in Students of The Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University. eJournal Kedokteran Indonesia, 10 (2), 138–143.

Lei X., Jiang H., Liu C., Ferrier A. and Mugavin J., 2018. Self-medication practice and associated factors among residents in Wuhan, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15 (68), 1–10.

Lorensia A., Virlando Suryadinata R., Eva Idamayanti M., Dirga Kusuma G. and Nyoman Yoga Diputra I., 2022. Knowledge and Perception of Self-Medication of Cough Medication in Pedicab Drivers in Surabaya. Terdapat di: http://jurnal.unpad.ac.id/ijpst/.

Martias I., Aldy D. and Idris F., 2022. Relationship Between The Level of Knowledge and Behavior of High School Students about 3 M in An Effort to Prevent The Spread of COVID-19 in the Anambas Islands Regency in 2021. Jurnal Kesmas Jambi, 6 (1), 9–14.

Martinez J.A.C. and Perez-Acosta A.M., 2021. Risk Behaviours and Self-medication in Active Workers. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 222 LNNS (IEA 2021), 47–54. Terdapat di: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74611-7_7.

Melviani M. and Rohama R., 2022. Factors Related to The Management of Drugs or Traditional Medicine for Self-Treatment in The Pandemic Period. Jurnal Surya Medika, 7 (2), 199–204.

Mufida A.N., Putri Y.H. and Sutanto T.D., 2022. The Level of Knowledge of Drug Medication in Bengkulu City Students. Bencoolen Journal of Pharmacy, 2 (1), 23–26.

Nugraheni S.D., 2023. Self-Medication to The Community of Mijen Village, Kebonagung District, Demak Regency: Prevalence, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior. Thesis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Ocan M., Bwanga F., Bbosa G.S., Bagenda D., Waako P., Ogwal-Okeng J. and Obua C., 2014. Patterns and Predictors of Self-Medication in Northern Uganda. PLOS ONE, 9 (3), 1–7.

Pandya R.N., Jhaveri K.S., Vyas F.I. and Patel V.J., 2013. Prevalence, Pattern, and Perceptions of Self-Medication in Medical Students. International Journal of Basic &Clinical Pharmacology, 2 (3), 275–280.

Putera O.A.M., 2017. The Relationship between Knowledge Level and Cough Self-Medication Behavior in Students at the State Islamic University of Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. Thesis, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

Putri T.K., Bayani F., Apriani L. and Yuliana D., 2022. Relationship between Community Knowledge Level and Self-Medication Behavior. Empiricism Journal, 3 (2), 288–294.

Ramadani D., Papeo P., Tuloli T.S., Farmasi J., Olahraga F. and Kesehatan D., 2023. Evaluation of The Level of Knowledge, Attitudes and Actions towards Self-Medication: Case Study of Una-Una District, Central Sulawesi Province. Journal Syifa Sciences and Clinical Research, 5 (1), 172–177.

Rathod P., Sharma S., Ukey U., Sonpimpale B., Ughade S., Narlawar U., Gaikwad S., Nair P., Masram P. and Pandey S., 2023. Prevalence, Pattern, and Reasons for Self-Medication: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study From Central India. Cureus, 15 (1), 1–9.

Retnaningsih R., 2016. Relationship between Knowledge and Attitudes About Ear Protectors and Their Use among Workers at PT. Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health, 1 (1), 67–82.

Retno F. and Tri S., 2022. Analysis of the Level of Community Knowledge Regarding Self-Medication for Cough Diseases in Cilangkap Village, Depok. Jurnal Kefarmasian, 9, 53–61.

Rosalina L., Oktarina R., Rahmiah and Saputra I., 2023. Statistics Textbook. CV.Maharika Rumah Ilmiah, Padang.

Rutter P., 2013. Community Pharmacy (Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment) Third Edition. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.

Saputra P.B., Rizkifani S. and Nurmainah, 2021. Study of the Level of Knowledge and Cough Self-Medication Behavior in Health Students. Jurnal Mahasiswa Farmasi Fakultas Kedokteran UNTAN, 5 (1)

Sariwating M.E., 2021. Counseling Regarding The Use of Appropriate Drug Dosages to The Community in Kairatu Village. Jurnal Pengabdian Ilmu Kesehatan, 1 (3), 27–30.

Simanjuntak M., Prabowo W.C. and Ramadhan A.M., 2021. Level of Knowledge and Self-Medication Behavior among Mulawarman University Students. Proceeding of Mulawarman Pharmaceuticals Conferences, 14, 129–137.

Triani L.A., Hariyanto and Rizkifani S., 2022. Analysis of the Relationship between Knowledge Level and Cough Self-Medication Behavior During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal Syifa Sciences and Clinical Research, 4 Nomor 3 (2), 637–644.

Widyaswara P.A. and Yuwono P., 2017. Factors that Influence the Level of Community Knowledge in Landslide Natural Disaster Mitigation. URECOL University Research Colloquium, 305–314.

Yamin S., Rachmach L.A. and Kurniawan H., 2011. Regression and Correlation in Your Hands (Application with SPSS, EViews, and STATGRAPHICS Software). Salemba Empat, Jakarta.

Zukiewicz-Sobczak W.A., Chmielewska-Badora J., Wróblewska P. and Zwoliński J., 2013. Farmers’ occupational diseases of allergenic and zoonotic origin. Postepy Dermatologii i Alergologii, 30 (5), 311–315.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 30 time(s)
PDF: 49 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.