Wayfinding dalam Arsitektur

Anjas Ninda Hantari(1*), Ikaputra Ikaputra(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Magister Arsitektur, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

Wayfinding adalah proses menemukan jalan, pengumpulan informasi dan pengambilan keputusan yang digunakan orang untuk mengarahkan diri mereka, bergerak melalui ruang, serta bagaimana orang berpindah dari satu tempat ke tempat lain. Dikarenakan keberadaannya selalu ditemui dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, wayfinding dikenali sebagai proses yang mudah dikarakterisasi dan dipahami. Oleh sebab pentingnya peran wayfinding dalam kehidupan manusia, maka diperlukan pembahasan untuk memahami elemen-elemen serta prinsip-prinsip menerapkan wayfinding. Untuk mengoptimalkan wayfinding telah dilakukan sejumlah penelitian yang mengungkapkan bahwasanya wayfinding bersifat sangat kompleks. Makalah ini berupa literature review yang bertujuan untuk menjelaskan pentingnya wayfinding serta kebutuhan untuk memahaminya dengan benar. Untuk tujuan tersebut makalah ini membahas aspek sejarah wayfinding, definisi wayfinding, studi kasus penerapan wayfinding, prinsip-prinsip, faktor-faktor, karakteristik lingkungan dan tata spasial serta elemen-elemen arsitektur yang menunjang sistem wayfinding.

Keywords

lingkungan; wayfinding

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References

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