PENGARUH RELAKSASI PROGRESIF TERHADAP TINGKAT KECEMASAN PADA PASIEN SKIZOFRENIA DI RUMAH SAKIT JIWA DAERAH SURAKARTA

Purwaningtyas Lisa Dwi Ari, Arum Pratiwi

Abstract

Schizophrenia which is an mental disorder persistent and serious to resulting behavior of
psychotic, concrete idea and difficulty in process of information, the relation of interpersonal
and solves problem. Patient schizophrenia often shows behavior to withdrawl, isolated,
difficult to be arranged and worried. Therapy applied for patient schizophrenia experiencing
anxiety of them is with behavior therapy. Progressive relaxation practice as one of
techniques of relaxation of muscle has proven in therapy program to stress of muscle can
overcome sigh anxieties, insomnia, fatigue, muscle cramps, neck pain in bone and waist,
high blood pressure, muttering and light phobia. Purpose of this research is to know
progressive relaxation technique influence to level of anxiety at client schizophrenia in Area
Mental Hospital Surakarta. This research method is experiment or quasi experimental with
pretest and posttest with control group design, this research applies two groups,which is the
one group is given treatment and the other one groups as control. The research sample is 30
respondens with proportional technique of random sampling. Data processing technique
applies test analytical technique Mann Whitney U-test. The result this research are indicates
that: the level of anxiety of patient schizophrenia in RSJD Surakarta before therapy giving or
pre test at group of experiment most of light (73%) while at group of control most of also light
(80%), the level of anxiety of patient schizophrenia in RSJD Surakarta after therapy giving of
post test at group of experiment entirely light (100%) while at group of control most of still be
light (87%) but still there is being (13%), and there is progressive relaxation influence to level
of anxiety of patient schizophrenia in RSJD Surakarta.

Keywords

progressive muscle relaxation, anxiety , schizophrenia

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