PENGARUH TERAPI MUSIK TERHADAP PERUBAHAN TINGKAT DEPRESI PADA LANSIA DI PSTW (PANTI SOSIAL TRESNA WREDHA) UNIT BUDI LUHUR, KASONGAN, BANTUL YOGYAKARTA

Sri Eko Purbowinoto, Kartinah Kartinah

Abstract

The increasing of a person's age will be accompanied by a variety of physical, psychological
and social setbacks. Psychological deterioration is often encountered in the elderly such as
feeling useless, easily upset, insomnia, stress, and depression. One way of therapy used for
the elderly to reduce the level of depression is the use of keroncong music therapy. The
results of preliminary studies of the interviews showed three people claim to have difficulties
sleeping at night, and sometimes feel afraid when there is an earthquake. Two elderly people
that would rather be alone than to gather with other seniors, and 1 elderly claimed almost
every day has no appetite. The research objective is to determine the effect of music therapy
to changes in rates of depression in the elderly in PSTW (Panti Sosial Tresna Wredha) Budi
Luhur’s Unit, Kasongan, Bantul, Yogyakarta. This type of research is quantitative. The design
of experimental research with pre-posttest design tets. Large of sample was 52 respondents
with using a sampling technique was purposive sampling. the instrument uses a
questionnaire study of depression.the comparative test analysis tools using Wilcoxon Rank
test. Results showed before keroncong music therapy given there are 21 people with mild
depression (77.8%), moderate depression was 6 people (22 , 2%), after being given
keroncong music therapy one respondent (3.7%) were depressed, 12 people (44.4%) had
mild depression, 14 people (51.9%) became normal. the test results of Wilcoxon Rank test
shows the value of Z = -2.412 and p = 0.016. So that concluded there is the influence of
music therapy to changes the rates of depression to the elderly in PSTW (Panti Sosial
Tresna Wredha) Budi Luhur’s Unit, Kasongan, Bantul, Yogyakarta.

Keywords

depression, keroncong music therapy, elderly

Full Text:

PDF

References

Admir, N. 2005. Depresi: Aspek Neurobiologi Diagnosis dam Tatalaksana. Jakarta. Balai Penerbit

Fakultas Kedokteran Univesitas Indonesia

Atwater, H. 2009. Binaural Beats and the Regulation of Arousal Levels.

http//www.monroeinstitute.org/journal/binaural-beast-and-the-regulation-of-arousal-levels/

Depkes RI ,2002. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2001 . Jakarta. Jakarta : Binkesmas.

Djohan, 2006, Terapi Musik “ Teori dan Aplikasi, Galang Press: Yogyakarta.

Guyton & Hall. 2006. Textbook of Medical Physiology, Eleventh Edition.

Hawari, D. 2006. Manajemen Stres, Cemas dan Depresi: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Jakarta.

Hendrina, A.K. 2002. Menuju Lansia yang Berguna dan Sejahtera, Makalah disampaikan pada

Seminar Lansia, RS Jiwa Daerah Surakarta. Surakarta.

Lubis, N. L. 2009. Depresi Tinjauan Psikologis. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group

Maryam, S, 2008, Mengenal Usia Lanjut dan Perawatannya, Salemba Medika, Jakarta.

Masbow, 2008. Psikologi Abnormal. http:www.masbow.com/2008/10/depresi, Akses 26 Mei 2011.

Notoatmodjo, S. 2002. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan edisi Revisi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Nugroho, W. 2008, Keperawatan Gerontik dan Geriatrik, Penerbit EGC, Jakarta.

Suryo, 2008. Waspadai Depresi Pada Lansia. http:www. Pranaindonesia.wordpres.com Akses 12

November 2010, 22;41.

Wahyuni, 2010. Pengaruh Mendengarkan Al-Qur’an Terhadap Skor Depresi pada Lansia di Wilayah

Kerja Puskesmas Kasihan II Bantul Yogyakarta, Skripsi. Tidak Diterbitkan. Program Studi Ilmu

Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah

Yogyakarta.

Widya M.R. 2010. Pengaruh Terapi Bermain Terhadap Tindakan Kooperatif Anak Dalam Menjalani

Perawatan di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Haji Adam Malik Medan. Skripsi. tidak diterbitkan,

Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan.

Yuniati, U.R. 2010. Pengaruh Terapi Audio Musik (Keroncong Pop) terhadap Penurunan Itensitas

Nyeri Rematik (Osteoarthritis) pada Lansia di Panti Werdha Hargo Dedali Surabaya. Skripsi.

Tidak diterbitkan. Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.