UNGKAPAN ETNIS PETANI JAWA DI DESA JAPANAN, KECAMATAN CAWAS, KABUPATEN KLATEN: KAJIAN ETNOLINGUISTIK

Haryanti Dwi, Agus Budi Wahyudi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/kls.v19i1.4408

Abstract

The study aims at describing ethnic expressions and their intention of Javanese
farmers at Japanan district based on their social and cultural context. It uses descriptive
qualitative research and the data are analyzed by Spreadly’s ethnographic
analysis. The analysis tries to describe the linguistic units and their intension based
on the social and cultural contexts. The findings show that the ethnic expressions
consist of words and phrases. Those expression are used in all steps of agricultural
activities done by the farmers, for examples, pranatamangsa ‘months’, mangsa udan
‘wet season’, macul ‘to hoe’, mangsa sada ‘the eleventh month’, gawe pinihan ‘cultivation
of seedlings’, mangsa kanem ‘the sixth month’, ketiga ‘dry season’, luku and
garu ‘plows’, ngrabuk ‘to fertilize’, matun ‘to clear away the weeds in the farms’,
mangsa panen ‘harvest moon’, dewi sri ‘rice’, den bagus ‘rats’, methik/guwakan ‘mistic
or ritual ceremony before harvesting time’, sedhekah bumi/bersih desa/rasulan ‘mistic
ceremony after harvesting with wayang kulit show entitled sri boyong, sri mulih, or sri
sadana.

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