Sunaryo HS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/kls.v20i1.4957


The existence of focus in a sentence can be recognized from the available mark- ers used. Elements of sentence being focussed get “specific attention” within an utterance. The specific elements “are separatd” from the others by means of cer- tain strategies and markers. The strategies and markers include, among others: (1) the order, such as preposing the focussed elements; (2) the use of focussed mark- ers, such as the addition of pewatas (definite), relator yang, clitics –nya, conjunc- tion bahwa, and the word juga; and (3) the construction of specific focus, con- structions which intrinsically posite the distribution of focus by making constrast and repetition.


Key words: fokus, piranti, pengedepanan, dan penambahan.


Dik, Simon C. 1980. Studies in Functional Grammar. New York: Academic Press. Hopper, Paul J. dan S. Thompson. 1980. “Transitivity in Grammar and Discourse”, dalam

Language, Vol. 56 (2). New York: Academic Press.

Hopper, Paul J. 1983. Observation Typology of Focus and Aspect in Narrative Language.

(NUSA, 4) Jakarta.

Keraf, Gorys. 1997: Komposisi. Ende, Flores: Nusa Indah.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. 1986. “Perwujudan Fungsi dalam Struktur Bahasa,” dalam Linguistik

Indonesia, Tahun 4 Nomor 7.

Samsuri. 1985. Tata Kalimat Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Sastra Hudaya.

Sudaryanto. 1993. Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa:Pengantar Penelitian

Wahana Kebudayaan secara Lingual. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 79 time(s)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia): 56 time(s)


  • There are currently no refbacks.