BAHASA TAMTSÎL DALAM ALQUR‘ÂN

Budiharjo Budiharjo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/kls.v18i1.5126

Abstract

The language of “tamtsil” is the part of Arabic literature. It uses exemplification about something with others in which it locates in the Qur’an. The language of “tamtsil” in the Qur’an is divided into three parts: “al-amstal al-musharroha”h, “al-amstal al-maknuunah”, and “al –amstal al-mursalah”. “Al-amstal al- musharrohah” is the expression which is explained or stressed by the pronunciation of “matsal”. “Amtsal al-maknuunah” is the exemplification which is not stated by “matsal tamtsil”. “Amtsal al-mursalah” is the independent sentence which does not use the pronunciation of “tasybih clearly”; yet, this sentence has the function as “amtsal”. The teachings in the form of “tamtsil” which exist in the verses specifi- cally can also be classified into several parts, i.e: faith is theological matters, and moral in order to guide human being to have good behaviors, it is an abstract mate- rial which is described in the concrete form which could be felt and the mind can accept it easily.

 

Key words: Al-Qur‘ân, bahasa tamtsîl, arabic literature, tuntunan.

 

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