ENGLISH TASK TO DEVELOP THE STUDENTS’ COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE: A STUDY OF EDUKATIF WORK BOOK FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Dyah Rohma Wati, Endang Fauziati, Abdillah Nugroho

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/humaniora.v14i1.882

Abstract

This study is mainly intended to find out the extent to which tasks in English work books are designed to develop the students’ communicative competence. The objective of this study is to describe how the tasks in Edukatif work books are designed to develop students’ discourse competence, linguistic competence, actional competence, sociolinguistic competence, and strategic competence. This study is a qualitative research which involves content analysis approach. The data are the tasks in Edukatif work books used by eight grade students of the first and second semester. In collecting the data, the writer uses documentation method. The data analysis used Huberman and Miles’ concept which involves data reduction, data display and verification. The findings show that among the five competences and its components of communicative com- petence, some components are not well developed in the work books. The tasks develop all components of discourse competence except one aspect in linguistic competence, that is, phonology. The tasks develop all components of actional competence except the speech act. The tasks develop components of sociolinguistic competence except the cultural and non-verbal communicative factor. The tasks develop only one component of strategic competence, that is, time gaining strategy. The conclusion is that the tasks in Edukatif work books are sufficient to develop the students’ discourse, linguistic, and actional competence. The tasks, however, are not sufficient to develop students’ sociolinguistic and strategic competence.

Keywords

work book; communicative competence; tasks

Full Text:

PDF

References

Brown, H. Douglas. 2000. Principle of Language Learning and Teaching (fourth edition). New York: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M.,Z. Dornyei, S. Thurrell. 1995. Communicative Competence: A Pedagogically Motivated Model with Content Specification. Applied Linguistics. 6(2): 9-29.

Fauziati, Endang and Hikmat, M. H. 2009. Pendalaman Materi Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Panitia Sertifikasi Guru Rayon 41 Surakarta: Depdiknas.

Huberman, A. M and Miles, M. B. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. California: Sage Publication.

Moelong. 2007. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nunan, David. 1989. Designing Tasks for Communicative Classroom. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sukmadinata, Syaodih N. 2008. Pengembangan Kurikulum: Teori dan Praktek. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Tomlinson, Brian. 1998. Material Development in Language Teaching. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Pres

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 171 time(s)
PDF: 385 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.