KARAKTER PROTAGONIS PANCHITO: STUDI CERPEN THE CIRCUIT KARYA FRANCISCO JIMÉNEZ

Kustinah Kustinah(1*), Didik Rinan Sumekto(2)

(1) Universitas Widya Dharma
(2) Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

The short story of The Circuit substantially carries on the American Dream from the immigrants’ expectations living in California. Their expectations rely on spirituality, wealthy, freedom, and other life necessity aspects. This research reviewsthe protagonist character as written in Francisco Jiménez’s The Circuit and applies for the content analysis method. Data collection primarily uses the short story of Jiménez’s The Circuit as part of the philology research.  Data analysis deals with the intrepretative approach by identifying and mapping the life of a migrant child in 1947 documented in The Circuit facts. The findings showed that the protagonist characters tightly correspond with the life of a-4-year-old Panchito, who is conditionally forced to work with his parents as the nomad fruit picker in the entirely ready-harvesting plantation areas of California Federal State with a very low wage granted and dwell in inappropriate housing. Panchito’s protagonist character addresses a positive and tough motivation in happening his dreams that trigger the expansive morality values toward life struggles. 

Keywords: mexican immigrants, life struggle, protagonist, Panchito


References

Basu, S. (2018). Age-of-arrival effects on the education of immigrant children: A sibling study. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 39(3), 474–493. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10834-018-9569-4

Brown, S., Berry, M., Dawes, E., Hughes, A., & Tu, C. (2019). Character mediation of story generation via protagonist insertion. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 31(3), 326–342. https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2019.1624367

Cain, W. E. (2020). American dreaming: Really reading the great Gatsby. Society, 57(4), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12115-020-00510-6

Callahan, W. A. (2017). Dreaming as a critical discourse of national belonging: China dream, American dream and world dream. Nations and Nationalism, 23(2), 248–270. https://doi.org/10.1111/nana.12296

Cattrysse, P. (2010). The protagonist’s dramatic goals, wants and needs. Journal of Screenwriting, 1(1), 83–97. https://doi.org/10.1386/josc.1.1.83/1

Charles, M. (2019). The dream and the image: creative transformations in psychoanalytic space. The American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 79(2), 174–195. https://doi.org/10.1057/s11231-019-09194-2

Dewi, N. (2018). Beyond translation: Clarity, sensitivity, and artistry in Benedict Anderson’s reading of Indonesian literature. Lingua Cultura, 12(3), 227–232. https://doi.org/10.21512/lc.v12i3.4173

Eugster, B. (2018). Immigrants and poverty, and conditionality of immigrants’ social rights. Journal of European Social Policy, 28(5), 452–470. https://doi.org/10.1177/0958928717753580

Fusarelli, B. C., Fusarelli, L. D., & Riddick, F. (2018). Planning for the future: Leadership development and succession planning in education. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 13(3), 194 – 210. https://doi.org/10.1177/1942775118771671

Gabrielle, O. (2019). Undocumented Mexican immigrant women's direct sales work in New York City. Women’s Studies International Forum, 75, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2019.102238

Gaikwad, K. B. (2017). Protagonist: A prime mover of the plot of a literary work. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 2(6), 1–8.

Gozdziak, E. M. (2019). Everyday illegal: When policies undermine immigrant families. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 11(1), 186–190. https://doi.org/10.1111/jftr.12309

Held, M. L. (2017). A study of remittances to Mexico and Central America: Characteristics and perspectives of immigrants. International Journal of Social Welfare, 26(1), 75–85. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.12225

Jiménez, F. (1997). The Circuit. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press.

Kate, R., Anthony, D., & Jing-Bao, N. (2019). Attempting rigour and replicability in thematic analysis of qualitative research data; a case study of codebook development. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 19(66), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y

Kusenbach, M. (2017). “Look at my house!” Home and mobile home ownership among Latino/a immigrants in Florida. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 32(1), 29–47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10901-015-9488-8

Mallet, M. L., Calvo, R., & Waters, M. C. (2017). “I don’t belong anymore”: Undocumented Latino immigrants encounter social services in the United States. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 39(3), 267–282. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739986317718530

Menkedick, S. (2017). The Mexican American dream. Pacific Standard, 30–35.

Michon, C. C., Miljkovitch, R., & Cyrulnik, B. (2018). Non-verbal communication in patients with DM1 and FSHD. Médecine/Sciences, 34(2), 9–12. https://doi.org/0.1051/medsci/201834s203

Moore, A. (2018). “I knew you were trouble”: Considering childism(s), shame resilience, and adult caretaker characters surrounding YA rape survivor protagonists. New Review of Children's Literature and Librarianship, 24(2), 144–166, https://doi.org/10.1080/13614541.2018.1535778

Pérez-Soria, J. (2017). Mexican immigrants in the United States: A review of the literature on integration, segregation and discrimination. Estudios Fronterizos, 18(37), 1–17. http://doi.org/10.21670/ref.2017.37.a01

Rosas, A. E. (2020). Immigrant deportability and emotive archive creation: The emotional honesty and urgency of Mexican immigrant families. Southern California Quarterly, 102(3), 274–305. https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2020.102.3.274

Salas-Wright, C. P., Vaughn, M. G., & Goings, T. C. (2017). Immigrants from Mexico experience serious behavioral and psychiatric problems at far lower rates than US-born Americans. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 52(10), 1325–1328. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-017-1425-6

Shetterly, M. L. (2017). Hidden figures: The American dream and the untold story of the black women mathematicians who helped win the space race. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 37(3), 70–71. http://doi.org/10.1353/ahc.2017.0026

Shortle, A., & Johnson, T. (2017). Owning Immigration: Messenger Ethnicity, Issue Ownership, and Support for Latino Candidates. Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics, 2(2), 233–259. https://doi.org/10.1017/rep.2017.7

Silver, A. (2018). Displaced at “home”: 1.5-Generation immigrants navigating membership after returning to Mexico. Ethnicities, 18(2), 1–12. http://doi.org/10.1177/1468796817752560

Simone, B., & Steven, S. (2019). All that glitters is not gold: Wages and education for US immigrants. Labour Economics, 61, 1017–1049. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2019.101749

Slack, J., & Martínez, D. E. (2020). Postremoval geographies: Immigration enforcement and organized crime on the U.S.–Mexico border. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 111(4), 1062–1078. https://doi.org/10.1080/24694452.2020.1791039

Tarim, Ş. D. (2018). Breaking barriers with collaborative language practices in a multiethnic classroom: A potential model for immigrant 1 children. European Education, 50(1), 27–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/10564934.2017.1394163

Vega, A., & Hirschman, K. (2109). The reasons older immigrants in the United States of America report for returning to Mexico. Ageing Society, 39(4), 722–748. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X17001155

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 291 time(s)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia): 175 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.