Local Wisdom of the Tradition of Pantauan Bunting in the Besemah Tribe in Lahat Regency

Sugeng Widodo(1*), Novia Fitri Istiawati(2), Miranda Agustin Lestari(3)

(1) Department of Geography Education, Universitas Lampung, Bandar Lampung city, Lampung
(2) Department of Geography Education, Universitas Lampung, Bandar Lampung city, Lampung
(3) Department of Geography Education, Universitas Lampung, Bandar Lampung city, Lampung
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

Indonesia is a multi-cultural country characterised by hereditary traditions passed down by ancestors. Strands of this traditional culture are often specific to particular communities, for example the Pantuan Bunting tradition expressed and passed down in the customs of the Besemah community of Lahat Regency, South Sumatra. The purpose of this study is to analyze the social construction of the process of the formation of Pantauan Bunting tradition, the distribution of Pantauan Bunting tradition in different regions, and the existence of Pantauan Bunting tradition in Besemah Tribe community in Lahat Regency. The method used in this study was qualitative with ethnographic, historiographic, and spatial approaches. This research was conducted in three different locations, namely in Kota Agung Village, Penang Village, and Selawi Village where the research subjects consisted of traditional leaders, religious leaders, community leaders, and the Besemah community. The results of this study showed that (1) Pantauan Bunting tradition is constructed by the Besemah community since the time of its earliest ancestors and this process of transmission still continues. This tradition is characterised by a public invitation to prospective brides to come to their prospective bridegrooms’ homes. (2) Pantauan Bunting Tradition has spread to various areas in Lahat Regency, such as Kota Agung Village, Pulau Pinang Village, and Selawi Village. (3) in the modern era, the existence of Pantauan Bunting tradition is maintained by the Besemah community, and we can still find it in various areas in Lahat Regency. The Pantauan Bunting tradition, which has been practised in various parts of Lahat Regency since ancient times and is firmly ingrained in the Besemah community, highlights the community's resiliency and commitment to the preservation of its cultural legacy.

Keywords

Social Construction; Pantauan Bunting Tradition; Besemah Tribe.

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References

Aprilia, E. (2021). Batas-batas identitas pada perkawinan beda etnis antara Flores dan Tionghoa di Desa Trubus Kabupaten Bangka Tengah. Jurnal Sosial dan Teknologi (SOSTECH), 1(2), 66–74. DOI: 10.36418/jurnalsostech.v1i2.18

Arios, R. L. (2019). Pertukaran Sosial Dalam Tradisi Pantawan Bunting Pada Suku Bangsa Besemah Di Kota Pagaralam Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Patanjala : Jurnal Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya, 11(3), 467. DOI: 10.30959/patanjala.v11i3.537

Asrin, Sudjarwo, & Pargito. (2016). Procedures Culture Marriage of Suku Pasemah In Padang Guci. Jurnal Studi Sosial/Journal of Social Studies, 4(3). Retrieved from https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jspen/32/supplement/32_595/_article/-char/ja/

Astuti, A. D., Budijanto, B., & Astina, I. K. (2021). Tradisi Anjala Ombong masyarakat Selayar dalam per-spektif geografi. Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi, 26(1), 30–40. DOI: 10.17977/um017v26i12021p030

Aswita, D., Suryadarma, I. G. P., & Suyanto, S. (2018). Local wisdom of sabang island society (aceh, Indone-sia) in building ecological intelligence to support sustainable tourism. Geojournal of Tourism and Ge-osites, 22(2), 393–402. DOI: 10.30892/gtg.22210-297

Atahau, A. D. R., Huruta, A. D., & Lee, C. W. (2020). Rural microfinance sustainability: Does local wisdom driven-governance work?. Journal of Cleaner Production, 267, 122153. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122153

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2022). Kabupaten Lahat dalam Angka 2022. Retrieved from https://lahatkab.bps.go.id/publikasi.html

Eko, B. S., & Putranto, H. (2019). The Role of Intercultural Competence and Local Wisdom in Building Inter-cultural and Inter-religious Tolerance. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 48(4), 341–369. DOI: 10.1080/17475759.2019.1639535

Elpipit, & Safitri, A. F. (2021). Tradisi Ampa Sabae dalam Proses Perkawinan Masyarakat Muslim di Desa Nipa Kecamatan Ambalawi Kabupaten Bima (Perspektif Sosiologi Hukum). Asy-Syari’ah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, 7(1), 53–74. DOI: 10.55210/assyariah.v7i1.385

Fitriana, E. (2018). Pola Keruangan Budaya Oloh Salam Masyarakat Kalimantan Tengah dengan Pendekatan Geospasial. Jurnal Geografi, 10(1), 74. DOI: 10.24114/jg.v10i1.7988

Gadeng, A. N., Maryani, E., & Rohmat, D. (2018). The Value of Local Wisdom Smong in Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in Simeulue Regency, Aceh Province. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Sci-ence, 145(1), 0–6. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/145/1/012041

Gede, D., Tresna, Y., Zuryani, N., & Kamajaya, G. (2021). Pararem Dalam Tradisi Perkawinan Massal. Jurnal Ilmiah Sosiologi: Sorot, 1(1), 38–52.

Haryati, R. (2020). Tradisi A’Pa’Tantu Allo Baji (Penentuan Hari Baik) Pernikahan di Desa Camba-Camba Kecamatan Batang Kabupaten Jeneponto. Social Landscape Journal. Retrieved from http://eprints.unm.ac.id/19525/1/Jurnal%20Rini%20Haryati.pdf

Hasmika, & Suhendro. (2021). Eksistensi Tradisi “Iki Paleg” Suku Dani Pada Masyarakat Pedalaman Papua. Jurnal Georafflesia, 6(1), 47–57. DOI:10.32663/georaf.v6i1.1842

Hilman, A., Burhanuddin, B., & Saharudin, S. (2020). Wujud Kebudayaan Dalam Tradisi Suna Ro Ndoso: Kajian Etnolinguistik. Basastra, 9(3), 255. DOI : 10.24114/bss.v9i3.21445

Jannah, R., Jers, L. O. T., & Jalil, A. (2020). Bentuk Dan Faktor Bertahannya Solidaritas Kekerabatan Suku Jawa Di Desa Tridana Mulya Kecamatan Landono. Kabanti: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya, 4(1), 1–21. DOI: 10.33772/kabanti.v4i1.930

Mahdayeni, M., Alhaddad, M. R., & Saleh, A. S. (2019). Manusia dan Kebudayaan (Manusia dan Sejarah Ke-budayaan, Manusia dalam Keanekaragaman Budaya dan Peradaban, Manusia dan Sumber Penghidupan). Tadbir: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 7(2), 154–165. DOI: 10.30603/tjmpi.v7i2.1125

Mungmachon, M. R. (2012). Knowledge and Local Wisdom: Community Treasure. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(13), 1–9.

Musafiri, M. R. Al, Utaya, S., & Astina, I. K. (2016). Potensi Kearifan Lokal Suku Using di Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan, 1(10), 2040–2046.

Mustafa, M., & Syahriani, I. (2020). Pergeseran Makna Pada Nilai Sosial Uang Panai’ Dalam Prespektif Bu-daya Siri’. Jurnal Yaqzhan: Analisis Filsafat, Agama Dan Kemanusiaan, 6(2), 217. DOI: 10.24235/jy.v6i2.7250

Nasir, M. (2013). Identifying Local Wisdom and Acehnese Women Identity Through Straddling. In Prosiding the 5th International Conference on Indonesian Studies: Ethnicity and Globalization. ISSN 2087 (Vol. 19).

Ngangi, C. R. (2011). Konstruksi Sosial dalam Realitas Sosial. Agri-Sosioekonomi, 7(2), 1–4. DOI: 10.35791/agrsosek.7.2.2011.85

Nipur, M., Rumampuk, S., & Matheosz, J. N. (2022). Tradisi Ritual Bakar Batu Pada Masyarakat Suku Dani di Distrik Kalome Kabupaten Puncak Jaya Propinsi Papua. HOLISTIK, Journal of Social and Culture, 15(2), 1–16.

Noviandri, N., & Salam, N. E. (2017). Konstruksi Sosial Tradisi Manggiliang Ghompah Pada Acara Perkawi-nan Di Kecamatan Cerenti Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi Provinsi Riau. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau, 4(1).

Pesurnay, A. J. (2018). Local Wisdom in a New Paradigm: Applying System Theory to the Study of Local Cul-ture in Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 175(1). DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/175/1/012037

Pratamawaty, B. B. (2017). Potensi Konflik Perkawinan Lintas Budaya Perempuan Indonesia dan Laki-Laki Bule. Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies, 7(1), 1. DOI: 10.15548/jk.v7i1.166

Pujiati, D. (2017). Konstruksi Sosial Tradisi Lamaran Ndudut Mantu Pada Masyarakat Desa Centini Kecama-tan Laren Lamongan. Universitas Airlangga.

Raj, A., Jhariya, M. K., Banerjee, A., Meena, R. S., Khan, N., & Yadav, S. K. (2022). Ecological wisdom for natural resources management and sustainability. Natural Resources Conservation and Advances for Sustainability, 219-241. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-822976-7.00017-X

Rahmatina, D., & Hidayat, M. A. (2021). Amalgamasi etnik Tionghoa dan etnik Madura dalam konstruksi in-dentitas religius anak di Kabupaten Bangkalan Madura. Gulawentah: Jurnal Studi Sosial, 6(2), 119. DOI: 10.25273/gulawentah.v6i2.10895

Refisrul, N. (2019). Fungsi Lemang Dalam Upacara Perkawinan Suku Besemah Di Kabupaten Kaur Provinsi Bengkulu. Jurnal Penelitian Sejarah Dan Budaya, 5(2), 235–256. DOI: 10.36424/jpsb.v5i2.141

Riyanto, A., Ohoitimur, J., Mulyatno, C. B., & Madung, O. G. (2015). Kearifan Lokal Pancasila Butir-butir Fil-safat Keindonesiaan. Yogyakarta.

Ruslan, I., Kartika, Y., Fatonah, & Huzaimah, S. (2021). Tradisi Ritual dalam Pernikahan Islam Jawa (Studi di Desa Kalidadi Lampung Tengah). Analisis; Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 21(1), 183–202.

Sari, P. I., Syawaludin, M., & Khudin, S. (2021). Tradisi Pantauan Bunting Dalam Perkawinan Masyarakat De-sa Sukarami Pagaralam. Tanjak: Sejarah Dan Peradaban Islam, 1(2), 10–20. https://doi.org/10.19109/tanjak.v1i2.9370

Siagian, D., Ranto, R., & Saputri, R. A. (2021). Politik Identitas : Strategi Negosiasi Marga dalam Pernikahan Amalgamasi pada Etnis Batak dan Melayu. Jurnal Studi Inovasi, 1(3), 80–85. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.52000/jsi.v1i3.38

Susantin, J., & Rijal, S. (2021). Tradisi Bhen-Ghiben Pada Perkawinan Adat Madura (Studi Kasus Di Kabupa-ten Sumenep-Madura). Jurnal TAMBORA, 5(1), 94–99. https://doi.org/10.36761/jt.v5i1.1006

Susanto, T., Rasni, H., Susumaningrum, L. A., Rahmawati, I., Yunanto, R. A., & Septiyono, E. A. (2020). Car-ing for adolescents based on the wisdom of Indonesian Pandalungan culture: An ethnonursing pilot study. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 55, e270-e278. DOI: 10.1016/j.pedn.2020.05.015

Suarmika, P. E., Arnyana, I. B. P., Suastra, I. W., & Margunayasa, I. G. (2022). Reconstruction of disaster ed-ucation: The role of indigenous disaster mitigation for learning in Indonesian elementary schools. In-ternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 72, 102874.

Uge, S., Neolaka, A., & Yasin, M. (2019). Development of social studies learning model based on local wis-dom in improving students’ knowledge and social attitude. International Journal of Instruction, 12(3), 375–388. DOI: 10.29333/iji.2019.12323a

Vincent, K., & Thompson, S. (2022). Estimating the size and distribution of networked populations with snowball sampling. Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology, 10(2), 397-418. DOI: 10.1093/jssam/smaa042

Wardani, W. (2021). Rasan Tue: Budaya Perkawinan Suku Pasemah (Rasan Tue: Marriage Culture of Pasemah Tribe). ETNOREFLIKA: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya, 10(1), 1–16. DOI: 10.33772/etnoreflika.v10i1.927

Winarni, R. (2017). Asimilasi Perkawinan Etnis Cinadengan Pribumi di Jawa: Fokus Studi Di Jember Situ-bondo Dan Tulungagung. Patrawidya:Seri Penerbitan Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya, 18(1), 13–28. http://patrawidya.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/patrawidya/article/view/44

Yodi, S., Budijanto, B., & Susilo, S. (2020). Makna Pernikahan Usia Dini Bagi Orang Tua Di Nagari Tapan, Kecamatan Basa Ampek Balai Tapan. Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi, 25(2), 128–144. DOI: 10.17977/um017v25i22020p128

Zaman, N. (2017). Kontruksi Sosial Tradisi Rokat Tek-Tek Kemanten Sebagai Pembentukan Komunitas Sosial dalam Masyarakat (Sebuah Fenomena Solidaritas, Sakralitas, Komunitas, Kesadaran Bersama) (Master Thesis, Universitas Airlangga). Retrieved from https://repository.unair.ac.id/68352/3/TSO%2013-17%20Zam%20k%20Jurnal.pdf

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 448 time(s)
PDF: 200 time(s) HTML: 7 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.