Leveraging Geospatial Technology for Enhanced Utility Management: A Case Study in Electrical Distribution Power Systems

Olalekan Akeem Alausa(1*), Oluwayemisi Shade Adaradoun(2), Gabriel Temidayo Adekunle(3), Kuswaji Dwi Priyono(4)

(1) The Federal Polytechnic Ilaro, Private Mail Bag 50, The Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro, Oja Odan Road, Ogun State
(2) The Federal Polytechnic Ilaro, Private Mail Bag 50, The Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro, Oja Odan Road, Ogun State
(3) Computer Science and Quantitative Methods, Austin Peay State University, Clarksville Tennessee
(4) Faculty of Geography, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Central Java 57162
(*) Corresponding Author


Over the years, electricity has developed into a crucial commodity for any nation. The need to evaluate the rate of electricity consumption in regard to utility management and the spatial distribution of major devices to facilitate appropriate planning within the estate is the motivation for this research. This study used geospatial technology to evaluate the electricity distribution to support planning and management in Omole Estate (Phase One) and environs within the city of Lagos, Nigeria. The focus was on determining the land use in study area, geolocations of the transformers, along with the cost of energy consumed per household. Spatial data for the research area was collected through a Hand-held GPS. Google Earth images were downloaded to supplement the data, and a comprehensive analysis of administered and recovered questionnaires was conducted to enrich the dataset. ArcGIS 10.6.1 software was employed to create the database and depict the area, whilst modifying all of the details required within. The result confirms that 72% of the respondents use electricity for domestic use, 18% for commercial use while 10% utilise it for domestic and commercial use. A significant portion of homes (33%) still use outdated postpaid meters and 35% of respondents do not know how much power they use at home each month or the cost per unit of that electricity. Regarding the respondents, 67% have a prepaid card/electrical meter installed (per kilowatt). Concerning cost, 10% of the respondents spends between N1000-N5000 for their monthly electricity consumption, 27% of the respondents between N5,000 and N10,000, 38% between N10,000 and N17,000, 24% between N17,000 and N25,000 and 2% above N25,000 per month on electricity. These findings will assist effective power distribution within the estate and provide guidance on charge rates for commercial power users which is approximately 28% overall.


Electricity, geospatial technology, Spatial data, and database

Full Text:



uation of the Prospects and Challenges of Effective Power Generation and Distribution in Nigeria. Heliyon, 9 (3), 1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon. 2023.e14416.

Alausa, Olalekan. A., and Adaradohun, Oluwayemisi S. (2023). Geographic Information System (GIS) And Analytical Hierarchy Process Approach for Detecting Flood Hazardous Areas in Yewa South, Ogun State. African Journal of Environmental Research (AJER), 4(1), 160-176.

Albadi, Mohammed H. (2017). Electricity Sector in Oman after 10 Years of Reform: Status, Trends and Future Perspectives. Electricity Journal, 30 (7), 23–30. doi: 10.1016/j.tej.2017.07.005.

Aliu, I. R., Akoteyon, I. S., & Soladoye, O. (2021). Living on the margins: Socio-spatial characterization of residential and water deprivations in Lagos informal settlements, Nigeria. Habitat International, 107, 102293.

Alobaid, Falah, Nicolas Mertens, Ralf Starkloff, Thomas Lanz, Christian Heinze and Bernd Epple. (2017). Progress in Dynamic Simulation of Thermal Power Plants. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 59 (1), 79–162. doi: 10.1016/j.pecs.2016.11.001.

Amann, Juergen, Nicola Cantore, Massimiliano Calí, Valentin Todorov and Charles Fang Chin Cheng. (2021). Switching It up: The Effect of Energy Price Reforms in Oman. World Development, 30 (1), 142. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev. 2020.105252.

Amusa, I. A., Gbiri, I. A., Dare, S. A., Saka, B. N. A., Ogundele, O. M., & Oyelakin, L. O. (2017). Census Enumeration Information System–A Case study of Part of Ikeja Gra Residential Layout, Ikeja of Lagos State. World Scientific News, 81(2), 132-149.

Ashkezari, Atefeh Dehghani, Nasser Hosseinzadeh, Ayoub Chebli and Mahammed Albadi. (2018). Development of an Enterprise Geographic Information System (GIS) Integrated with Smart Grid. Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, 14 (1), 25–34. doi: 10.1016/j.segan.2018.02.001.

Avtar, Singh Jasrotia, Kumar Taloor Ajay, Andotra Upasna and Kumar Rajesh. (2019). Monitoring and Assessment of Groundwater Quality and Its Suitability for Domestic and Agricultural Use in the Cenozoic Rocks of Jammu Himalaya, India: A Geospatial Technology Based Approach, Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 8 (1), 554–66. doi: 10.1016/j.gsd.2019.02.003.

Azedou, Ali, Aouatif Amine, Isaya Kisekka, Said Lahssini, Youness Bouziani and Said Moukrim. (2023). Enhancing Land Cover/Land Use (LCLU) Classification through a Comparative Analysis of Hyperparameters Optimisation Approaches for Deep Neural Network (DNN). Ecological Informatics, 78 (4), 16–25. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoinf.2023. 102333.

Benalcazar, Pablo, Aleksandra Komorowska and Jacek Kamiński. (2023). A GIS-Based Method for Assessing the Economics of Utility-Scale Photovoltaic Systems. Applied Energy, 11 (2), 8. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2023. 122044.

Burke, Thomas, Clare S. Rowland, J. Duncan Whyatt, G. Alan Blackburn and Jon Abbatt. (2023). Spatially Targeting National-Scale Afforestation for Multiple Ecosystem Services.” Applied Geography 159 (8), 30–43. doi: 10. 1016/j.apgeog.2023.103064.

Dabas, Jagriti, Som Mondal and Sapan Thapar. (2023). Application of Geospatial Technology for Assessment of Agricultural Residue Based Renewable Energy Potential in Punjab, India. Energy for Sustainable Development, 72 (2), 340–50. doi: 10.1016/j.esd.2023.01.006.

Dano, Umar Lawal, Abdul Lateef Balogun, Ismaila Rimi Abubakar and Yusuf Adedoyin Aina. (2020). Transformative Urban Governance: Confronting Urbanisation Challenges with Geospatial Technologies in Lagos, Nigeria. GeoJournal, 85 (4), 1039–56. doi: 10.1007/s10708-019-10009-1.

Eleiche, Mohamed, Ahmed Hamdi MANSI and Mohamed El-Barad. (2023). Role of Geospatial Technology in Infrastructure Privatisation. ERU Research Journal, 2 (1), 104–9. doi: 10.21608/ERURJ.2022.275842.

Ezekwem, Chidozie, and Suresh Muthusamy. (2023). Feasibility Study of Integrating the Renewable Energy System for Increased Electricity Access: A Case Study of Choba Community in Nigeria. Scientific African, 21 (1), 50-55. doi: 10.1016/j.sciaf.2023.e01781.

Fang, Zhe, Peng Yue, Mingda Zhang, Jinbiao Xie, Dongjin Wu and Liangcun Jiang. (2023). A Service-Oriented Collaborative Approach to Disaster Decision Support by Integrating Geospatial Resources and Task Chain. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 117 (11), 113–25. doi: 10.1016/j.jag. 2023.103217.

Farinmade, A., Soyinka, O., & Siu, K. W. M. (2018). Assessing the effect of urban informal economic activity on the quality of the built environment for sustainable urban development in Lagos, Nigeria. Sustainable cities and society, 41, 13-21.

Farish, S., S. Munawar, N. Alam and Et Al. (2023). Wind Energy Corridor Identification for Electricity-Deficient Areas of Pakistan Using Geospatial Technologies. Arab Journal of Geosciences, 16 (1), 23-27. doi: 10.1007/s12517-023-11613-9.

Filonchyk, Mikalai and Michael P. Peterson. (2023). An Integrated Analysis of Air Pollution from US Coal-Fired Power Plants.Geoscience Frontiers, 14 (2), 34–50. doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2022.101498.

Fournier, Eric D., Felicia Federico, Robert Cudd and Stephanie Pincetl. (2023). Building an Interactive Web Mapping Tool to Support Distributed Energy Resource Planning Using Public Participation GIS. Applied Geography, 152 (3), 102877. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2023.102877.

G. Landera, Yandi, Oscar C. Zevallos, Rafael C. Neto, Jose F. d. Costa Castro and Francisco A. S. Neves. (2023). A Review of Grid Connection Requirements for Photovoltaic Power Plants. Energies 16(5), 1–24. doi: 10.3390/en 16052093.

Gilmore, Nicholas, Ilpo Koskinen, Domenique van Gennip, Greta Paget, Patrick A. Burr, Edward G. Obbard, Rahman Daiyan, Alistair Sproul, Merlinde Kay, Alison Lennon, Georgios Konstantinou, Mark Hemer, Emi Minghui Gui and Nicholas Gurieff. (2022). Clean Energy Futures: An Australian Based Foresight Study. Energy 260 (7), 6–14. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2022.125089.

Hartling, Sean, Vasit Sagan, Maitiniyazi Maimaitijiang, William Dannevik and Robert Pasken. (2021). Estimating Tree-Related Power Outages for Regional Utility Network Using Airborne LiDAR Data and Spatial Statistics. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 1 (4), 28–36. doi: 10.1016/j.jag. 2021.102330.

Hay, Geoffrey J., Christopher Kyle, Bharanidharan Hemachandran, Gang Chen, Mir Mustafizur Rahman, Tak S. Fung, and Joseph L. Arvai. (2011). Geospatial Technologies to Improve Urban Energy Efficiency. Remote Sensing, 3 (7), 1380–1405. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/rs3071380.

Helmi, Abdelrahman M., Marwa S. Farhan, and Mona M. Nasr. (2018). A Framework for Integrating Geospatial Information Systems and Hybrid Cloud Computing. Computers and Electrical Engineering, 67 (3), 145–58. doi: 10.1016/j.compeleceng.2018.03.027.

Huseien, Ghasan Fahim and Kwok Wei Shah. (2022). A Review on 5G Technology for Smart Energy Management and Smart Buildings in Singapore. Energy and AI, 7 (3), 10–17. doi: 10.1016/j.egyai.2021.100116.

Jamil, Irfan, Hong Lucheng, Salman Habib, Muhammad Aurangzeb, Emad M. Ahmed and Rehan Jamil. (2023). Performance Evaluation of Solar Power Plants for Excess Energy Based on Energy Production. Energy Reports, 9 (2), 67–80. doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2022.12.081.

Jumadi, Carver, S., & Quincey, D. (2016). ABM and GIS-based multi-scenarios volcanic evacuation modelling of Merapi. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1730, 050005. doi: 10.1063/1.4947401

Kasprzyk-Hordern, B., B. Adams, I. D. Adewale, F. O. Agunbiade, M. I. Akinyemi, E. Archer, F. A. Badru, J. Barnett, I. J. Bishop, M. Di Lorenzo, P. Estrela, J. Faraway, M. J. Fasona, S. A. Fayomi, E. J. Feil, L. J. Hyatt, A. T. Irewale, T. Kjeldsen, A. K. S. Lasisi, S. Loiselle, T. M. Louw, B. Metcalfe, S. A. Nmormah, T. O. Oluseyi, T. R. Smith, M. C. Snyman, T. O. Sogbanmu, D. Stanton-Fraser, S. Surujlal-Naicker, P. R. Wilson, G. Wolfaardt and C. O. Yinka-Banjo. (2022). Wastewater-Based Epidemiology in Hazard Forecasting and Early-Warning Systems for Global Health Risks. Environment International, 161 (10), 35–44. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2022.107143.

Khan, Muhammad Shoaib, In Sup Kim, and Jongwon Seo. (2023). A Boundary and Voxel-Based 3D Geological Data Management System Leveraging BIM and GIS. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 118 (7), 10-15. doi: 10.1016/j.jag.2023.103277.

Kumar, Ashish, Krishneel Prakash and Nazrul Islam. (2023). Electric Vehicle Hosting Capacity Analysis : Challenges and Solutions ARENA. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 189 (1), 123–114. doi: 10.1016/j.rser. 2023.113916.

Kurniawansyah, Angga, Dewi Susiloningtyas, and Masita Dwi Mandini Manessa. (2023). Suitability of Mangrove Tourism Areas in Cilamaya Wetan District, Karawang Regency. Forum Geografi, 37 (1), 10–23. doi: 10.23917/ forgeo.v37i1.19852.

Lim, Jonghun, Yurim Kim, Hyungtae Cho, Jaewon Lee and Junghwan Kim. (2023). Novel Process Design for Waste Energy Recovery of LNG Power Plants for CO2 Capture and Storage. Energy Conversion and Management, 277 (10), 116–30. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2022.116587.

Lumwaya, Clayton, and Jackson Phiri. (2023). Development of an Integrated System to Enhance Spatial Data Processing & Management for Planning Authorities. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 11 (03), 17–29. doi: 10.4236/gep.2023.113002.

McGarry, Connor, James Dixon, Ian Elders and Stuart Galloway. (2023). A High-Resolution Geospatial and Socio-Technical Methodology for Assessing the Impact of Electrified Heat and Transport on Distribution Network Infrastructure. Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, 35 (1), 12-17. doi: 10.1016/j.segan.2023.101118.

Mentis, Dimitrios, Magnus Andersson, Mark Howells, Holger Rogner, Shahid Siyal, Oliver Broad, Alexandros Korkovelos and Morgan Bazilian. (2016). The Benefits of Geospatial Planning in Energy Access – A Case Study on Ethiopia. Applied Geography, 72 (1), 1–13. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.04.009.

Miljković, Durda, Sanja Božić, Ljupče Miljković, Slobodan B. Marković, Tin Lukić, Mladen Jovanović, Dajana Bjelajac, Dordije A. Vasiljevć, Miroslav D. Vujičić and Branko Ristanović. (2018). Geosite Assessment Using Three Different Methods; A Comparative Study of the Krupaja and the Žagubica Springs-Hydrological Heritage of Serbia. Open Geosciences 10 (1), 192–208. doi: 10.1515/geo-2018-0015.

Mwada, Hyelduku Aliyu, Saleh Elisha Usman, Boyi J. Mairiga, Ojih Samuel and Ponsah E. Gwamzhi. (2020). Use of Geographic Information System (GIS) For the Analysis of Electricity Power Distribution in Bukuru Town , Plateau State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT), 14 (3), 63–77. doi: 10.9790/2402-1403026377.

Nkwunonwo, Ugonna C., Felister E. Dibia and Joseph A. Okosun. (2023). A Review of the Pathways, Opportunities, Challenges and Utility of Geospatial Infrastructure for Smart City in Nigeria. GeoJournal, 88 (1), 583–93. doi: 10.1007/s10708-022-10626-3.

Oduwaye, L., & Enisan, G. (2011). Effects of Global Economy on Spatial Structure of Ikeja, Lagos. REAL CORP 2011. Available at https://conference.corp.at/archive/CORP2011_186.pdf. Accessed on 30/12/2023.

Oyedotun, Temitope D. Timothy and Stephan Moonsammy. (2021). Linking National Policies to Beneficiaries: Geospatial and Statistical Focus to Waste and Sanitation Planning. Environmental Challenges 4 (1), 1–5. doi: 10.1016/j.envc.2021.100142.

Paredes, Daniel, João Frederico Alves, Sara Mendes, José Miguel Costa, Joana Alves, António Alves da Silva and José Paulo Sousa. (2023). “Landscape Simplification Increases Bactrocera Oleae Abundance in Olive Groves: Adult Population Dynamics in Different Land Uses. Journal of Pest Science, 96 (1), 71–79. doi: 10.1007/s10340-022-01489-1.

Rani, Aruna and Raj Kumar. (2018). Geospatial Information Support for Power Projects. Journal of Remote Sensing & GIS, 7 (4), 1–5. doi: 10.4172/2469-4134.1000251.

Ray, Ratnadeep, Abhinandan Das, Mohd Sayeed Ul Hasan, Ali Aldrees, Saiful Islam, Mohammad Amir Khan and Giuseppe Francesco Cesare Lama. (2023). Quantitative Analysis of Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics Using Geoinformatics Techniques: A Case Study on Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) in West Bengal, India.” Remote Sensing 15(4), 1–23. doi: 10.3390/rs15040959.

Said, Abdelrahman, M. A. Abd-Allah, Moustafa Mohsen, and Ahmed I.omar. (2023). Alleviation of the Transients Induced in Large Photovoltaic Power Plants by Direct Lightning Stroke. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 14 (3), 1–7. doi: 10.1016/j.asej.2022.101880.

Saputra, A., Sigit, A. A., Priyana, Y., Abror, A. M., Sari, A. N. L., & Nursetiyani, O. (2022). A Low-Cost Drone Mapping and Simple Participatory GIS to Support the Urban Flood Modelling. Geographia Technica, 17(2/2022). doi:10.21163/GT_2022.172.04.

Segundo Sevilla, Felix Rafael, Yanli Liu, Emilio Barocio, Petr Korba, Manuel Andrade, Federica Bellizio, Jorrit Bos, Balarko Chaudhuri, Hector Chavez, Jochen Cremer, Robert Eriksson, Camille Hamon, Miguel Herrera, Marnick Huijsman, Michael Ingram, Danny Klaar, Venkat Krishnan, Jorge Mola, Marcos Netto, Mario Paolone, Panagiotis Papadopoulos, Miguel Ramirez, Jose Rueda, Walter Sattinger, Vladimir Terzija, Simon Tindemans, Alberto Trigueros, Yajun Wang and Junbo Zhao. (2022). State-of-the-Art of Data Collection, Analytics and Future Needs of Transmission Utilities Worldwide to Account for the Continuous Growth of Sensing Data. International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 137 (10), 255–70. doi: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2021.107772.

Soyinka, O., Siu, K. W. M., Lawanson, T., & Adeniji, O. (2016). Assessing smart infrastructure for sustainable urban development in the Lagos metropolis. Journal of urban management, 5(2), 52-64.

Shirley, Rebekah, Yifei Liu, Josephine Kakande and Mark Kagarura. (2021). Identifying High-Priority Impact Areas for Electricity Service to Farmlands in Uganda through Geospatial Mapping. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 5(1), 1-5. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2021.100172.

Siddik, Md Abu Bakar, Emily Grubert, Peter Caldwell and Landon T. Marston. (2023). Retirement of US Fossil Fuel-Fired Power Plants Will Increase Water Availability. Journal of Hydrology, 617 (3), 22–34. doi: 10.1016/j. jhydrol.2022.128984.

Telesca, Luciano, Michele Lovallo, Gianfranco Cardettini, Angelo Aromando, Nicodemo Abate, Monica Proto, Antonio Loperte, Nicola Masini and Rosa Lasaponara. (2023). Urban and Peri-Urban Vegetation Monitoring Using Satellite MODIS NDVI Time Series, Singular Spectrum Analysis and Fisher–Shannon Statistical Method. Sustainability (Switzerland), 15(14):10–14. doi: 10.3390/su151411039.

Wibowo, Y. A., Subadi, T., Wardhani, P. I., Syahputri, D. M., Hidayah, K., Sholikah, S. N. H., & Ronggowulan, L. (2023). Geospatial technology-based tsunami-prone areas identification, Pacitan, Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2683(1). 0

White, Corey T., Anna Petrasova, Vaclav Petras, Laura G. Tateosian, Jelena Vukomanovic, Helena Mitasova and Ross K. Meentemeyer. (2023). An Open-Source Platform for Geospatial Participatory Modelling in the Cloud. Environmental Modelling and Software, 167 (3), 50–66. doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2023.105767.

Yassin, Mohammed A. M., Ashish Shrestha and Suhaila Rabie. (2023). Digital Twin in Power System Research and Development: Principle, Scope and Challenges. Energy Reviews, 2 (3), 100039. doi: 10.1016/j.enrev.2023. 100039.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 770 time(s)
PDF: 145 time(s) HTML: 56 time(s)


  • There are currently no refbacks.