Prospek Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Perikanan Berbasis Ekosistem: Studi Empiris Di Karimunjawa*

Indah Susilowati

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v14i1.148

Abstract

The objectives of the study are: to compare the model of fisheries management with conventional versus new paradigm; to explore the prospect of new fisheries management model; to formulate the initial strategy of fisheries management model using EBFM. The ecosystem of Karimunjawa is selected as the pilot project of this research. The competent 25 keypersons were selected using purposive quoted sampling for interview. Descriptive statistics, meta-analysis and AHP were employed to analize the data. The results showed that the conventional fisheries management models were rather ineffective to answer the current situation of fisheries resource. We need facing out to find a suitable approach of fisheries management model. One of the proposed new paradigm is EBFM. This model indicates has a good prospect to manage the fisheries resource in the study area. This study suggests that EBFM model should be under-tried out. If it is acceptable, then the model can be implemented for other region.

Keywords

fisheries; management; ecosystem-based; institutional; Karimunjawa; Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References

Arkema, pK. K., Abramson, S. C. and Dews-bury, B.M. 2006. Marine Ecosystem-Based Management: From Characterization to Implementation. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 4(10), 525-532. www. mendeley.com/.../marine-ecosystembased-management-from-characterization-to-imple-mentation/ - Amerika Serikat. Diakses tanggal 18 Oktober 2009.

Bengen, Dietrect G. 2001. Ekosistem dan Sumber-daya Alam Pesisir dan Laut: Sinopsis. Bogor: Pusat Kajian Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Lautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Bundy, A. 2001. Fishing on Ecosystems: The Interplay of Fishing and Predation in Newfoundland-Labrador. Canadian Jour-nal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 58, 1153-1167.

Coll, M., Santojanni, A., Palomera, I., Tudela, S. and Arneri, E. 2007. An Ecological Model of the Northern and Central Adriatic Sea: Analysis of Ecosystem Structure and Fishing Impacts. Journal of Marine Systems, 67, 119-154

DKP. 2005. Potensi Sumber Daya Pesisir dan Laut. Semarang: Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

DKP. 2005. Rencana Strategis Pembangunan Kelautan dan Perikanan Tahun 2005-2009. Jakarta: Departemen Kelautan dan Per-ikanan.

DKP. 2008. Konservasi Sumberdaya Ikan di Indo-nesia. Jakarta: Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan.

DKP. 2009a. Kajian Komoditas Unggulan. Jakarta: Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan.

DKP. 2009a. Pengelolaan, Rehabilitasi, dan Sistem Pengawasan Habitat Vital. Semarang: Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

DKP. 2009b. Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Perikanan. Jakarta: Departemen Kelautan dan Per-ikanan.

DKP. 2009b. Rencana Strategis Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Semarang: Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

DKP. 2009c. Indonesian Fishing Port 2009. Jakar-ta: Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan.

FAO Fisheries Department. 1995. The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. FAO Rome 41p.

FAO Fisheries Department. 2004. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. FAO Rome: 153p

Fauzi dan Anna. 2005. Permodelan Sumberdaya Perikanan dan Kelautan. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka.

Fauzi, A., and E. Buchary. 2002. A Socioeco-nomic Perspective of Environmental Degradation at Kepulauan Seribu Natio-nal Park, Indonesia. Journal of Coastal Management, 30(2): pp 167-181.

Fauzi, A., dan S. Anna. 2002. Evaluasi Keber-lanjutan Pembangunan Perikanan: Apli-kasi Pendekatan RAFISH (Studi Kasus Perairan Pesisir DKI Jakarta). Jurnal Pesisir dan Lautan Vol 4 (3) 43 – 55.

Fauzi, Akhmad. 2006. Ekonomi Sumbe Daya Alam dan Lingkungan. Jakarta: Gramedia Pusta-ka.

Fletcher, W. J. 2005. The Application of Qualita-tive Risk Assessment Methodology to Prioritise Issue for Fisheries Management. Journal of Marine Science Vol 62: 1576-1587.

Fletcher, W.J. 2008. A Guide to Implementing an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) for the Tuna Fisheries of the Western and Central Pacific Region. Forum Fisheries Agency, Honiara, Solomon Islands. Version 5 March 2008: 70.

Gasalla, M. A. and Rossi-Wongtschowski, C. L. D. B. 2004. Contribution of Ecosystem Analysis to Investigate the Effects of changes in Fishing Strategies in the South Brazil Bight Coastal Ecosystem. Ecological Modelling, 172, pp.283-306.

Grieve, Chris and Katherine Short. 2007. Implementation of Ecosystem Based Manage-ment in Marine Capture Fisheries (Case Studies From WWF’s Marine Ecoregions). WWF EBM Toolkit. WWF International.

Marasco, R. J., Goodman, D., Grimes, C. B., Lawson, P. W., Punt, A. E. and Quinn II, T. J. 2007. Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management: Some Practical Suggestions. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 64, 928-939.

Marasco, R. J., Goodman, D., Grimes, C. B., Lawson, P. W., Punt, A. E. and Quinn II, T. J. 2007. Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management: Some Practical Suggestions. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 64, 928-939.

Ostrom, E. 1992. Ostrom, E. Crafting Insitutions for Self-governing Irrigation Systems. San Francisco, USA: Institute for Contem-porary Studies Press.

Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the Commons: the Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Pikitch, E. K., (dkk). 2004. Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management. Science, 305, 346-347.

Pinkerton, E. Editor. 1989. Cooperative Manage-ment of Local Fisheries. Vancouver, Canada: University of British Columbia Press.

Pitcher, T.J. and Preikshot, D.B. 2001. Rapfish: A Rapid Appraisal Technique to Evaluate the Sustainability Status of Fisheries. Fisheries Research 49(3): 255-270

Pomeroy, Robert S., William Meryl J. 1994. Fisheries Co-Management and Small-Scale Fisheries: A Policy Brief. Manila: ICLARM.

Pomeroy, Robert, Len Garces, Micahel Pido, Geronimo Silvestre. 2009. Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management in Small-Scale Tropical Marine Fisheries: Emerging Models of Governance Arrangements in the Philippines. Journal of Elsevier: Marine Policy Vol 34: 298-308.

Pope, J. G., MacDonald, D. S., Daan, N., Reynolds, J. D. and Jennings, S. (2000) Gauging the Impact of Fishing Mortality on non-Target Species. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 689-696.

Susilowati, Indah and Sucihatiningsih DW Prajanti. 2012. Strategy for Enhancing Agriculture Performance in Central Java Province, Indonesia: An Application Of Mixed Methods. The 2012 Las Vegas International Business & Economics Conference. Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. October 15-17, 2012

Susilowati, Indah. 2006. Keselarasan dalam Pemanfaatan dan Pengelolaan Sumber-daya Perikanan bagi Manusia dan Lingkungan. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Dipo-negoro, Semarang.

Susilowati, Indah. 1999. ”An Analysis of Co-Management Fisheries in West Sumatra Province, Indonesia: A Case Study of Ikan Larangan”. Research Report. Manila, Phili-pines: International Center for Living Aquatic Resource Management (ICLARM).

Thohir, Mudjahirin (dkk). 2009. Kaji Tindak (Action Research) Moel Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pesisir yang Mandiri dalam Mendukung Ketahanan dan Keamanan Pangan di Pesisir Utara dan Pesisir Sela-tan Jawa Tengah (Studi Empiris pada Usaha Mikro Kecil Pengolah Ikan di Kab. Remabng dan Cilacap). Laporan Penelitian. Semarang: Lembaga Penelitian Univer-sitas Diponegoro. Universitas Diponego-ro.

Trites, A. W., Livingston, P. A., Vasconcellos, M. C., Mackinson, S., Springer, A. M. and Pauly, D. 1999. Ecosystem Considerations and the Limitations of Ecosystem Models in Fisheries Management: Insights from the Bering Sea. Alaska Sea Grant College Pro-gram, AK-SG-99-01, 609-619.

USA National Marine Fisheries Service.1999. Ecosystem Based Fishery Management: A Report to the Congress by the Ecosystem Principles Advisory Panel. http://www. nmfs.gov/sfa/reports.html. Diakses tang-gal 18 Oktober 2009.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 681 time(s)
PDF: 2126 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.