Causality Between Urban Concentration and Environmental Quality

Amin Pujiati, Dyah Maya Nihayah, Prasetyo Ari Bowo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v16i1.937

Abstract

Population is concentrated in urban areas can cause the external diseconomies on environment if it exceeds the carrying capacity of the space and the urban economy. Otherwise the quality of the environment is getting better, led to the concentration of population in urban areas are increasingly high. This study aims to analyze the relationship of causality between the urban concentration and environmental quality in urban agglomeration areas. The data used in the study of secondary data obtained from the Central Bureau of statistics and the City Government from 2000 to 2013. The analytical method used is the Granger causality and descriptive. Granger causality study results showed no pattern of reciprocal causality, between urban concentration and the quality of the environment, but there unidirectional relationship between the urban concentration and environmental quality. This means that increasing urban concentration led to decreased environmental quality.

Keywords

unemployment; concentration of population; agglomeration; Granger causality

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