ASPEK GRAMATIKAL DALAM WACANA POLITIK

Suwarna Suwarna

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/kls.v17i2.4501

Abstract

The study is about grammatical aspects of the political discourse. Using technique of formal discourse analysis, especially focussing on cohesion, the grammatical aspects of political discourse show particular characteristics. Although in general they show reference, ellipsis, and conjunction, the discussion of the grammatical aspects is only limited on reference. The findings show that the use of reference in the political discourse can be classified into seven types: (1) reference showing cohesion which tends to be formal and standard; (2) reference having types of endophoric and exophoric, anaphoric, cataphoric, anaphoric and cataphoric, pronoun, demonstrative, and comparative pronoun reference consisting o0f temporal, locational, situational, equivalent, naming, historical; and reference having forms of lexical, phrasal, sentencial, paragraph, and discourse; (3) endophoric reference which is more productive than exophoric one; (4) anaphoric reference which is more productive than cataphoric one; (5) phrasal reference which is more productive than lexical, sentencial, paragraph, and discoursal ones; (6) cataphoric reference which tends to be phrasal and paragraph; and (7) discourse reference which is typically exophoric.

Key words: grammatical aspect, cohesion, reference, political discourse, and korpus data

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alwi, Hasan dkk. 2000. Tatabahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Brown, Gillian & Yule, George. 1983. Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bublitz, Wolfram. 1988. Supportive Fellow-Speakers and Cooperative Conversation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Cook, Guy. 1989. Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Coulthard, Malacolm. 1979. An Introduction to Discourse Analysis. London: Longman.

Eriyanto. 2005. Analisis Wacana. Pengantar Analisis Teks Media. Yogyakarta: LKIS.

Finch, Geoffrey. 1998. How to Study Linguistics. Hongkong: MacMillan.

Halliday, M.A.K. & Hasan, Ruqaiya. 1979. Cohesion in English. London: Longman.

____. 1994. Language, Context, and Text: Aspects of Language in a Social-Semiotic Perspective. Terjemahan Asrudin Barori Tou. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Kusrianti, Anik. 2004. "Wacana Iklan Pigeon Two Way Cake Kajian Kohesi Tekstual dan Kontekstual" dalam Analisis Wacana. Hlm. 1-17. Bandung: Pakar Raya.

Leech, Geoffrey. 1993. Prinsip-Prinsip Pragmatik. Terhjemahan M.D.D. Oka. Jakarta: Penerbit UI.

Lyons, John. 1977. Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rani, dkk. 2004. Analisis Wacana: Sebuah Kajian Bahasa dalam Pemakaian. Malang: Bayumedia.

Ricoeur, P. & Ricoeur, P. 1996. Teori Penafsiran Wacana dan Makna Tambahan. Terjemahan Hani'ah. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.

Schiffrin, Deborah. 1994. Approaches to Discourse. Oxford: Blackwell.

Sumarlam. Ed. 2003. Teori dan Praktik Analisis Wacana. Surakarta: Pustaka Cakra.

____. ed. 2004. Analisis Wacana. Bandung: Pakar Raya.

Wales, Katies. 2001. A Dictionary of Stylistics. London: Longman.

Zen, Fathurin. 2004. NU Politik Analisis Wacana Media. Yogyakarta: LKIS.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 248 time(s)
PDF: 59 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.