Efektivitas Aromatherapy Lemon Balm dan Terapi Musik untuk Mengatasi Ansietas Pasien COVID-19

Lutfian Lutfian(1*), Ayunda Puteri Rizanti(2), Ilany Nandia Chandra(3),

(1) Faculty of Nursing, University of Jember
(2) Faculty of Nursing, University of Jember
(3) Faculty of Nursing, University of Jember
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/bik.v15i1.15835


COVID-19 has become a world health issue due to the speed of its spread which is challenging to control. In addition, COVID-19 does not only cause problems in the physical health aspect and has an impact on the patient's psychological health. This situation causes a person who is confirmed to have COVID-19 to experience many psychological disorders such as anxiety; this will affect the immune system and the length of the healing process in patients. The purpose of this article is to determine the effectiveness of lemon balm aromatherapy (Melissa Officinalis) and music therapy in overcoming anxiety in COVID-19 patients in a literature review. The method in writing this article uses a literature review. Articles obtained through search sites: Google Scholar, Science Direct, Scopus, NCBI, and ProQuest. The criteria used in the search are Indonesian and English with a range of publication years 2015-2020. Eight leading journals were used as references in this study; from those journals, it was concluded that lemon balm contains anxiolytic which can improve the state of sleep disorders (insomnia) in clients with anxiety because of COPD, and it was found that music therapy can reduce anxiety in patients who on ventilators. Aromatherapy interventions made from lemon balm and the provision of music therapy are practical efforts to overcome anxiety in COVID-19 patients


Anxiety; COVID-19; Melissa, Music Therapy

Full Text:



Abdellatif, F., & Hassani, A. (2015). Chemical composition Of The Essential Oils From Leaves Of Melissa Officinalis Extracted By Hydrodistillation, Steam Distillation, Organic Solvent And Microwave Hydrodistillation. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 6(1), 207–213.

Ansari-Moghaddam, A., Ansari, H., Mohammadi, M., Tabatabaei, S. M., Pishevare-Mofrad, M., & Miri-Bonjar, M. (2016). Prevalence of addiction And Smoking And Their Relationship With Blood Parameters Among Drivers in Zahedan. International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.5812/ijhrba.27554

Bárbara Luisa Fermino, Najeh N, K, Juliana Sartori B, Romaiana Picada Pereira, J. B. T. da R. and W. C. F. N. da S., & 1Discente. (2015). Anxiolytic properties of Melissa officinalis and associated mechanisms of action: A review of the literature Bárbara, 9(1), 53–59. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJPP2014

Cases, J., Ibarra, A., Feuillère, N., Roller, M., & Sukkar, S. G. (2011). Pilot trial of Melissa officinalis L. leaf extract in the treatment of volunteers suffering from mild-to-moderate anxiety disorders and sleep disturbances. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 4(3), 211–218. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12349-010-0045-4

Chehroudi, S. et al. (2017) ‘Effects of Melissa officinalis L. on reducing stress, alleviating anxiety disorders, depression, and insomnia, and increasing total antioxidants in burn patients’, Trauma Monthly, 22(4). doi: 10.5812/traumamon.33630.

Fatmawati, D. (2016). Pengaruh Relaksasi Progresif Dan Aromaterapi Lavender Terhadap Penurunan Kecemasan Pada Pasien Preoperasi Dengan Spinal Anestesi. 27 Januari 2022. http://eprints.ums.ac.id/44898/.

Haybar H., Javid, Z, A., Haghighizadeh. (2018) The effects of Melissa officinalis supplementation on depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep disorder in patients with chronic stable angina. CLin Nut. 10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.04.015

Hae K, S., Wi-young, S., Kim, M. (2019). Effects of Aromatherapy Combined with Music Therapy on Anxiety, Stress, and Fundamental Nursing Skills in Nursing Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214185

Kemenkes. (2020). Dukungan Psikososial dan Jiwa selama Pandemi COVID-19. Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit Kementerian Kesehatan RI Tahun 2020.

Imran, S., Ms, M., & Ancheril, A. (2017). Effects of music therapy on anxiety , blood pressure and respiratory rate in patients undergoing chemotherapy, 2(6), 156–158. https://doi.org/1.15406/ncoaj.2017.02.00053

Kemenkes. (2021). Pedoman kesiapan menghadapi COVID-19. Pedoman Kesiapan Menghadapi COVID-19, 0–115.

Lai, J., Ma, S., Wang, Y., Cai, Z., Hu, J., Wei, N., … Hu, S. (2020). Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA Network Open, 3(3), e203976. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3976

Lestarini, A., Putra K., S,P. 2018. Music therapy on sleep quality in elderly. IOP Conf. Series. doi:10.1088/1757-899X/434/1/012143

Liu, K., Chen, Y., Wu, D., Lin, R., Wang, Z., & Pan, L. (2020). Effects of progressive muscle relaxation on anxiety and sleep quality in patients with COVID-19. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 39, 101132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.101132

Lotfi, A., Shiri, H., Ilkhani, R,. Sefidkar., Esmail R. 2019. The Efficacy of Aromatherapy With Melissa officinalis in Reducing Anxiety in Cardiac Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JMBS. 6 (3).

Nurkholis. (2020). Dampak Pandemi Novel-Corona Virus Disiase ( Covid-19 ) Terhadap, 6(1), 39–49.

Ramadhan, M. R., & Zettira, O. Z. (2017). Aromaterapi Bunga Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia ) dalam Menurunkan Risiko Insomnia. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung, 6, 60–63.

Shirin .Chehroudi. (2017). Effects of Melissa officinalis L. on reducing stress, alleviating anxiety disorders, depression, and insomnia, and increasing total antioxidants in burn patients. Trauma Monthly, 22(4). https://doi.org/10.5812

Soltanpour, A., Alijaniha, F., Naseri, M., Kazemnejad, A., & Heidari, M. R. (2019a). Effects of Melissa officinalis on anxiety and sleep quality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: A double-blind randomized placebo controlled trial. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 28, 27–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2019.01.010

Son, H. K., So, W., & Kim, M. (n.d.). E ff ects of Aromatherapy Combined with Music Therapy on Anxiety , Stress , and Fundamental Nursing Skills in Nursing Students : A Randomized Controlled Trial, 1–10.

Stein, M. B., & Sareen, J. (2015). Generalized anxiety disorder. New England Journal of Medicine, 373(21), 2059–2068. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcp1502514

Suhartini. (2011). Music and Music Intervention for Therapeutic Purposes in Patients with Ventilator Support; Gamelan Music Perspective. Nurse Media: Journal of Nursing, 1(1), 129–146. https://doi.org/10.14710/nmjn.v1i1.752

Susilo, A., Rumende, C. M., Pitoyo, C. W., Santoso, W. D., Yulianti, M., Sinto, R., … Cipto, R. (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019 : Tinjauan Literatur Terkini Coronavirus Disease 2019 : Review of Current Literatures, 7(1), 45–67.

Tim Kerja Kementerian Dalam Negeri. (2013). Pedoman Umum Menghadapi Pandemi Covid-19 Bagi Pemerintah Daerah : Pencegahan, Pengendalian, Diagnosis dan Manajemen. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Vivekrao, Desmukh., Raziya, N., Ashok, S., & Parag, S. (2018). Effect Of Music On Physiological Parameters And Anxiety In Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 6(1), 2573–2576. https://doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2017.152

Wang, Q., Chair, S. Y., Wong, E. M. L., & Li, X. (2016). The effects of music intervention on sleep quality in community-dwelling elderly. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 22(7), 576–584. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2015.0304

Xiao, H., Zhang, Y., Kong, D., Li, S., & Yang, N. (2020). Social capital and sleep quality in individuals who self-

isolated for 14 days during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in January 2020 in China. Medical Science Monitor, 26, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.12659/MSM.923921

Yurianto, et al. (2020). Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19 ), Jakarta : Kementrian Kesehatan RI

Yusli, U. D., & Rachma, N. (2018). Pengaruh Pemberian Terapi Musik Gamelan Jawa terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Lansia di Rumah Pelayanan Sosial Lanjut Usia Pucang Gading Semarang, 3(1), 72–78.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 477 time(s)
PDF: 832 time(s)