Analysis of Urbanisation’s Relationship with Clean Water Supply Ecosystem Services in Sukoharjo Regency, Indonesia

Aditya Eka Saputra(1), Setya Nugraha(2), Rita Noviani(3*)

(1) Geography Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126
(2) Geography Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126
(3) Geography Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

The phenomenon of urban population growth is a global concern which will result in a decrease in the value of ecosystem services in an area. Sukoharjo Regency is an area affected by the development of Surakarta City; therefore, rapid growth is taking place. The objective of this study is to investigate the interplay between urbanization, ecosystem services, and the provision of clean water in Sukoharjo Regency in 2022. The methods used in the study were calculating the percentage of the urban population to determine the level of urbanisation, AHP and overlay to ascertain the ecosystem service score, together with cross-tabulation to establish the relationship between these two variables. The result of this study is that the level of urbanisation produces a pattern that districts in the north tend to comprise a higher level. The clean water supply ecosystem services in Sukoharjo Regency obtained results dominated by the low to medium level. The situation regarding the level of urbanisation and ecosystem services in Sukoharjo Regency reveals a relationship where an increase in the level of urbanisation will reduce the value of ecosystem services.

Keywords

AHP, Urbanization Rate, Ecosystem Services

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