Karakteristik Gangguan Tidur pada Usia Produktif dan Usia Pertengahan

Soleh Amini Yahman, Setiyo Purwanto, Nisa Rachmah Nur Anganti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/humaniora.v22i2.13555

Abstract

Quality sleep is a basic human need that is very important for maintaining health and fitness. Sleep disturbances have become common, especially in big cities. Sleep disturbances can occur due to several factors, such as physiological, psychological and social factors. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of sleep disorders at productive age. This type of research is observational with a cross-sectional design. The research subjects were 459 respondents selected purposively with the criteria of productive age 15-44 years, and middle age (44-64) residing in the city of Surakarta, are in good health and do not suffer from certain diseases, and have signs of sleep disturbances. Data collection using a questionnaire. The sleep disturbance questionnaire used is the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). The data on the characteristics of sleep disorders ob-tained were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that subjects who did not experience insomnia were 8.1%, mild in-somnia 45.5%, moderate insomnia was 41.0% and severe in-somnia was 5%. Of these sleep disorders, the main problem is difficulty starting sleep by 80.2%, the next problem is difficulty maintaining sleep by 54.7%, while other sleep disorders are waking up faster than usual by 44.0%. Furthermore, the sub-jects who experienced sleep dissatisfaction were 62.1%, sub-jects who felt that their sleep problems had an effect on their quality of life by 66.9%. Subjects who were worried about their sleep problems were 67.8%. Meanwhile, the subjects who felt that their sleep problems had a significant effect on their daily activities were 79.3%. The results of this study indicate that sleep disorders are still a problem at productive age and mid-dle age in the city of Surakarta. Therapy for sleep disorders, especially difficulty starting sleep, is very important so that the patient's daily activities and quality of life improve for the bet-ter.

Keywords

sleep disturbances; characteristics; productive age; middle age

Full Text:

PDF

References

Atmadja W., B. (2010). “Fisiologi Tidur”. Jurnal Kedokteran Maranatha 1(2): 36–39.

Buysse, D. J. (2014). Sleep Health: Can We Define It? Does It Matter? Sleep. doi:10.5665/sleep.3298.

Carmody, J., Reed, G., Kristeller, J. & Merriam, P. (2008). “Mindfulness , Spirit-uality, and Health-Related Symptoms”. Psychosomatic Research 64: 393–403. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.015.

Holdevici, I. (2014). “Relaxation and Hypnosis in Reducing Anxious-depressive Symptoms and Insomnia among Adults”. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 127: 586–590. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.315.

Hubbling, A., Reilly-Spong, M., Kreitzer, M. J. & Gross, C. R. (2014). “How Mindfulness Changed my Sleep: Focus Groups with Chronic Insomnia Pa-tients”. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 14(1): 50. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-14-50.

Léger, D. & Bayon, V. (2010). “Societal Costs of Insomnia”. Sleep Medicine Re-views 14(6): 379–389. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2010.01.003.

Léger, D., Bayon, V., Ohayon, M. M., Philip, P., Ement, P., Metlaine, A., Chen-naoui, M., et al. (2014). “Insomnia and accidents: Cross-Sectional Study (EQUINOX) on Sleep-Related Home, Work and Car Accidents in 5293 Subjects with Insomnia from 10 Countries.” Journal of Sleep Research. doi:10.1111/jsr.12104.

Martires, J. & Zeidler, M. (2015). “The Value of Mindfulness Meditation in The Treatment of Insomnia.” Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine 21(6): 547–552. doi:10.1097/MCP.0000000000000207.

Nawi, A. M., Lamit, J., Razali, N. F., Chin, O. L., Zulkafli, N. S., Centre, M., Latiff, J. Y., et al. (2014). “Sleep Duration Pattern among Workers in a Ter-tiary Institution.” Public Health Research 4: 494–500.

Nurhidayat, N., Muthali'in, A., Handayani, S., Maryadi, M., Sari, K. N., Al Haniyah, I. W., ... & Andaruningtyas, N. F. (2020). Penanggulangan Bully-ing dalam Pembetukan Karakter Peserta Didik di MI Muhammadiyah PK Bendo, Boyolali. Buletin KKN Pendidikan, 2(2), 84-89.

Ong, J. C., Manber, R., Segal, Z., Xia, Y., Shapiro, S. & Wyatt, J. K. 2014. “A Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness Meditation for Chronic In-somnia.” Sleep 37(9): 1553–1563. doi:10.5665/sleep.4010

Purwanto, S. (2006). “Relaksasi Dzikir”. Suhuf XVIII(01): 39–48. Retrieved from https://publikasiilmiah.ums.ac.id

Rimbawan, P. P. G. K. B. . & Ratep, N. (2016). “Pravalensi dan Korelasi Insom-nia Terhadap Kemampuan Kognitif Remaja Usia 15-18 Tahun di Panti Asuhan Widhya Asih 1 Denpasar.” Jurnal Medika 5(5): 1–8.

Sateia & Buysse, D. J. (2010). “Insomnia: Diagnosis and Treatment.” Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=r43LBQAAQBAJ&pgis=1.

Veqar, Z., Moiz, J. A. & Hussain, M. E. (2014). “Psychometric Analysis of the Pittsburgh Insomnia Rating Scale Among University Population of Poor Sleepers in India.”

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 120 time(s)
PDF: 109 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.