Karakteristik Gangguan Tidur pada Usia Produktif dan Usia Pertengahan

Soleh Amini Yahman, Setiyo Purwanto, Nisa Rachmah Nur Anganti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/humaniora.v22i2.13555


Quality sleep is a basic human need that is very important for maintaining health and fitness. Sleep disturbances have become common, especially in big cities. Sleep disturbances can occur due to several factors, such as physiological, psychological and social factors. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of sleep disorders at productive age. This type of research is observational with a cross-sectional design. The research subjects were 459 respondents selected purposively with the criteria of productive age 15-44 years, and middle age (44-64) residing in the city of Surakarta, are in good health and do not suffer from certain diseases, and have signs of sleep disturbances. Data collection using a questionnaire. The sleep disturbance questionnaire used is the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). The data on the characteristics of sleep disorders ob-tained were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that subjects who did not experience insomnia were 8.1%, mild in-somnia 45.5%, moderate insomnia was 41.0% and severe in-somnia was 5%. Of these sleep disorders, the main problem is difficulty starting sleep by 80.2%, the next problem is difficulty maintaining sleep by 54.7%, while other sleep disorders are waking up faster than usual by 44.0%. Furthermore, the sub-jects who experienced sleep dissatisfaction were 62.1%, sub-jects who felt that their sleep problems had an effect on their quality of life by 66.9%. Subjects who were worried about their sleep problems were 67.8%. Meanwhile, the subjects who felt that their sleep problems had a significant effect on their daily activities were 79.3%. The results of this study indicate that sleep disorders are still a problem at productive age and mid-dle age in the city of Surakarta. Therapy for sleep disorders, especially difficulty starting sleep, is very important so that the patient's daily activities and quality of life improve for the bet-ter.


sleep disturbances; characteristics; productive age; middle age

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