The effect of teaching using multimedia on mathematical anxiety and motivation

Narges Yaftian(1*), Saeid Barghamadi(2)

(1) Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran,
(2) Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran,
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

In Iran and many other parts of the world, teaching and learning mathematics has confronted students and teachers with many challenges such as lack of motivation and increased anxiety. ThusT the current situation should be changed and shifted to active methods. One of the active methods is teaching with the help of multimedia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of teaching using multimedia systems on the students' motivation and anxiety in mathematics. The method is a quasi-experimental with pretest and posttest design with a control group. Based on the available sampling, two classes were selected  and a class was randomly assigned to the experimental group and the other to the control group. The tools were questionnaires of mathematical anxiety and motivation. In 8 sessions, using multimedia systems, the experimental group was taught, but in the control group, the same concepts were taught in the conventional way in Iran. In the end, Mathematical Anxiety and Mathematical Motivation Questionnaires were performed on both groups. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups in each of the dependent variables and the use of multimedia systems has affected the students’ motivation and anxiety in mathematics. 

Keywords

Mathematical anxiety, Mathematical motivation, Educational multimedia

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ali, N. A. M., & Hassan, N. C. (2019). Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Motivation among Students in the Faculty of Science of a Public University in Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 8(4), 952–963.

Amir-Teimuri, M. H. (2015). Media of teaching-learning: Identification, selection, production, and application. Tehran: Publishing Savalan. (In Persian).

Anwari, M. (2018). The effect of multimedia-based linkage education on academic achievement and motivation to learn mathematics for fifth grade students. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Payame Noor University, Iran. (In Persian).

Arbabi, V. (2015). Investigating the effect of mathematics teaching computer software on learning and educational achievement motivation in seventh grade students. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran. (In Persian).

Arem, C. (2010). Conquering math anxiety: A self-help workbook. Belmont, CA, USA: Charlie Van Wagner.

Beilock & Willingham, D. T. (2014). Math anxiety: Can teachers help students reduce it? American Educator, 38(2), 28–32. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1043398

Butler, K.L. (2016). Motivation for Mathematics: The Development and Initial Validation of an Abbreviated Instrument. PhD Thesis, University of South Florida.

Capuno, R., Revalde, H., Etcuban, J. O., Aventuna, M., Medio, G., & Demeterio, R. A. (2019). Facilitating Learning Mathematics Through the Use of Instructional Media. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 14(3), 677-688. ‏ https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5785

Fathi, H. (2013). Evaluation of the effect of playing math games on math performance, the attitude of students in the junior high school. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran. (In Persian).

Foley, A. E., Herts, J. B., Borgonovi, F., Guerriero, S., Levine, S. C., & Beilock, S. L. (2017). The math anxiety-performance link: A global phenomenon. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26(1), 52-58. ‏ https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721416672463

García-Santillán, A., Rojas-Kramer, C., Moreno-García, E., & Ramos-Hernández, J. (2017). Mathematics test, numerical task and mathematics course as determinants of anxiety toward math on college students. European journal of contemporary education, 6(2), 240-253. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1146147

GebreYohannes, H. M., Bhatti, A. H., & Hasan, R. (2016). Impact of multimedia in Teaching Mathematics. International Journal of Mathematics Trends and Technology, 39(1), 80-83. ‏https://doi.org/10.14445/22315373/IJMTT-V39P510

Gonçalves, T. (2018). Labour Motivation (2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3216044 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3216044

Gunderson, E. A., Park, D., Maloney, E. A., Beilock, S. L., & Levine, S. C. (2018). Reciprocal relations among motivational frameworks, math anxiety, and math achievement in early elementary school. Journal of Cognition and Development, 19(1), 21-46. ‏ https://doi.org/10.1080/15248372.2017.1421538

Hadadian, F. (2013) The effect of using multimedia educational mathematics on the level of mathematical anxiety, self-regulation and academic achievement of first grade female high school students. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Arak, Iran. (In Persian).

Hannula, M. S., Di Martino, P., Pantziara, M., Zhang, Q., Morselli, F., Heyd-Metzuyanim, E., Lutovac, S., Kaasila, R., Middleton, J. A., Jansen, A., & Goldin, G. A. (2016). Attitudes, beliefs, motivation and identity in mathematics education: An overview of the field and future directions. Springer Nature.

Hassani-Zangbar, T., & Livarjani, S. (2017). Investigating the Effect of Self- Regulated Learning Strategies Training on Female First-grade High School Studentsʼ Math Learning and Anxiety in Bostan Abad in the Academic Year 2015-2016. Journal of Instruction and Evaluation, 10(39), 69-93. (In Persian).

Hosinzadeh, F., Rastegarpour, H., Mohammadhasni, N., salimi, S. (2019). The impact of educational multimedia design based on the principles of cognitive load on learning, remember and educational progress motivation in math lesson. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 10(2), 5-25. (In Persian).

Jangizehi, H. (2017). Design and validation of a standard model of educational multimedia elements and its effect on learning, motivation and participation of students with intellectual disabilities in mathematics. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Iran. (In Persian).

Karuniakhalida, P., Maimunah, M., & Murni, A. (2019). Development of ICT-Based Mathematical Media on Linear Program Materials to Improve Motivation Learning Students. Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(2), 195-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jes.3.2.p.195-204

Khaleji-Pirbalouti, M. R. (2015). A comparative study of the effect of students' usefulness of information technology and advanced technology in the process of learning mathematics in the junior high school mathematics learning. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Islamic Azad University of Central Tehran Branch, Iran. (In Persian).

Kpolovie, P. J., Joe, A. I., & Okoto, T. (2014). Academic achievement prediction: Role of interest in learning and attitude towards school. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE), 1(11), 73-100. ‏

Mayers, A. (2013). Introduction to statistics and SPSS in psychology. London: Pearson. http://197.156.112.159/handle/123456789/1210

Nolting, P. D. (2012). Math study skills workbook: Your guide to reducing text anxiety and improving study strategies. Cengage Learning. https://lib.hpu.edu.vn/handle/123456789/27963

Nowrouzi, M. (2014). Predicting Math achievement from Mathematics Anxiety and Cognitive Learning Styles. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Islamic Azad University of Marvdasht Branch, Iran. (In Persian).

Ng, P. F., & Teoh, K. K. (2019). Gender Differences and Affective Factors Influencing Mathematics Learning Success in an Enabling Program. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 9(4), 306-309. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2019.9.4.1217

Ogochukwu, N. V. (2010). Enhancing students interest in mathematics via multimedia presentation. African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research, 3(7), 107-113. ‏ https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMCSR.9000062

Pardimin, A., Ninsiana, W., Dacholfany, M. I., Kamar, K., Teh, K. S. M., Huda, M., Hananto, A.L., Muslihudin, M., Shankar, K., & Maseleno, A. (2018). Developing Multimedia Application Model for Basic Mathematics Learning. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, 10(14), 1347-1356.

Ramirez, G., Shaw, S. T., & Maloney, E. A. (2018). Math anxiety: Past research, promising interventions, and a new interpretation framework. Educational Psychologist, 53(3), 145-164. https://doi.org/10.1080/00461520.2018.1447384

Ramirez, G., Chang, H., Maloney, E. A., Levine, S. C., & Beilock, S. L. (2016). On the relationship between math anxiety and math achievement in early elementary school: The role of problem solving strategies. Journal of experimental child psychology, 141, 83-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2015.07.014

Saif, A. (2020). Modern educational psychology: psychology of learning and teaching, 7th Edition, Doran Publications, Iran. (In Persian).

Salehpoor, M. (2012). Comparison of two methods of teaching games and traditional on Motivation and mathematics achievement of students. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Shahid Rajaee teacher training University, Iran. (In Persian).

Schukajlow, S., Rakoczy, K., & Pekrun, R. (2017). Emotions and motivation in mathematics education: theoretical considerations and empirical contributions. ZDM, 49(3), 307-322. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11858-017-0864-6

Soewardini, H. M. D., Meilantifa, M., & Sukrisno, H. (2018, November). Multimedia learning to overcome anxiety and mathematics difficulty. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 434, No. 1, p. 012002). IOP Publishing. ‏

Soltanlou, M., Artemenko, C., Dresler, T., Fallgatter, A. J., Ehlis, A. C., & Nuerk, H. C. (2019). Math anxiety in combination with low visuospatial memory impairs math learning in children. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(89), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00089

Usta, N., & Cagan, B. (2020). Impact of Teaching Topics of Equality and Equation with Scenarios on 7th Graders' Mathematical Achievement and Mathematical Motivation. Educational Research and Reviews, 15(7), 354-369. ‏

Widodo, S. A. (2018). Selection of Learning Media Mathematics for Junior School Students. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 17(1), 154-160. ‏

Zadeh-Dabagh, H. (2010). The effectiveness of instructional computer game on students’ motivation and achievement in mathematics. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Iran. (In Persian).

Zaini, Z. H., & Ahmad, W. F. W. (2010, June). A study on students' motivation in learning mathematics using multimedia courseware. In 2010 International Symposium on Information Technology (Vol. 1, pp. 1-3). IEEE.

Article Metrics

Abstract view(s): 198 time(s)
PDF: 181 time(s)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.