The implementation of self-explanation strategy to develop understanding proof in geometry

Samsul Maarif(1*), Fitri Alyani(2), Trisna Roy Pradipta(3)

(1) Department of Mathematics Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA
(2) Department of Mathematics Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA
(3) Department of Mathematics Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

Proof is a key indicator for a student in developing mathematical maturity. However, in the process of learning proof, students have the difficulty of being able to explain the proof that has been compiled using good arguments. So we need a strategy that can put students in the process of clarifying proof better. One strategy that can explore student thought processes in explaining geometric proof is self-explanation strategy. This research aimed to analyze the ability to understand the geometric proof of prospective teacher students by implementing a self-explanation strategy in basic geometry classes. This study used a quasi-experimental research type of nonequivalent control group design. The participants of this research were 75 students of mathematics education study programs at one private university in Semarang. This research used four instrument tests of geometric proof. Before being used for research, the instruments were tested for validity and reliability using product-moment and Cronbach's alpha. Data analysis in this study used a two-way ANOVA test. The results showed that: the increased ability to understand the geometric proof of students who used self-explanation strategy was better than those who obtained direct learning; there was a significant difference between the increase of students’ mathematical proof ability in a group of students with a high and moderate level of initial mathematical ability; the initial ability (high, medium, low) of mathematics did not directly influence the learning process to improve the ability to understand the geometric proof. Hence, it can be concluded that the self-explanation strategy is effective to be used to improve the understanding of the geometric proof. 

Keywords

Self-explanation, proving geometry, understanding the geometric proof

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References

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